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In-Toeing and Out-Toeing Gait

  • James Robb

Abstract

In-toeing and out-toeing, or inward and outward rotation of the foot with respect to the direction of walking, respectively, are common reasons for parental concerns and referral for a specialist opinion. A normal range of values can be considered to lie within two standard deviations on either side of the mean of the values for a given population (Jacquemier et al. 2008) (Fig. 21.1).

Keywords

Femoral Anteversion Tibial Torsion Derotation Osteotomy Femoral Torsion Outward Rotation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Supplementary material

Video 21.1

Caption (MPG 4420 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Robb
    • 1
  1. 1.OrthopaedicUniversity of St AndrewsScotlandUK

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