The Deformed Femur

  • Randall T. Loder


Malformation of the femur may be an isolated anomaly, or it may be associated with abnormalities involving the hip, knee, or the rest of the skeleton. Congenital anomalies of the femur include shortening, failure of development of the proximal or distal ends of the femur, bowing, or duplication; some of these may occur together.


Substance Abuse Femoral Head Proximal Femur Femoral Condyle Osteogenesis Imperfecta 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Randall T. Loder
    • 1
  1. 1.James Whitcomb HospitalIndianapolisUSA

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