Growth and Characterization of Nanocrystalline CuInSSe Thin Films by Spray Pyrolysis

  • Vipin Shrotriya
  • P. Rajaram
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 166)


Nanocrystalline CuInSSe thin films were grown on glass substrates using the spray pyrolysis technique. The CuInSSe films were co-deposited from an aqueous solution containing CuCl2, InCl3, thiourea and SeO2. EDC was used as a complexing agent and films were deposited at the constant temperature 300 °C. XRD, Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Energy Dispersive Analysis of X-Ray (EDAX) were used to characterize the samples and the results indicate that the films are single phase, p-type in conductivity and having the chalcopyrite structure. Optical studies show that the optical gap values are 1.23 and 1.39 eV for films grown from spray solutions having S/Se ionic ratios 0.3 and 0.7 respectively. Using the Scherer formula the average crystallite size of the films was found to be in the range 5–11 nm.


Spray Pyrolysis Spray Process Grown Film Spray Pyrolysis Technique Ethylene Diamine Dihydrochloride 
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This work is being funded by the Madhya Pradesh Council of Science and Technology (MPCST), Bhopal, India through research project No. 1078/CST/R&D/2012 for which Authors are thankful. One of the Authors, V. Shrotriya is grateful to MPCST for the JRF. The Authors are also thankful to IIC, IIT Roorkee for providing XRD and SEM/EDAX facilities.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Studies in PhysicsJiwaji UniversityGwaliorIndia

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