Nature in Some Philosophical Traditions of India: Basis for a Common Ground

Part of the Sophia Studies in Cross-cultural Philosophy of Traditions and Cultures book series (SCPT, volume 12)


Following on the same theme of Chap.  4, I address the ecological understandings of nature in the theories of Sāṁkhya philosophy and Advaita philosophy of non-dualism. This chapter also briefly examines other ideas of oneness of nature and human beings in classical schools of philosophy including Buddhism and Jainism. The concept of oneness given by the Sāṁkhya philosophical concepts of prakŗti and puruṣa is described. In this chapter, I have also suggested the moral implications of the co-constituents of prakŗti, called guṇas. I suggest that the psycho-physical nature of guṇas allows for new paradigms of environmental ethics. The idea of substantive oneness of creation based on Advaita Brahman is also discussed. Implications of such conceptualisations conclude this chapter.


Human–non-human PuruṣarthaKarma GuṇaSubstantive oneness Kṣetrajña 


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© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Manipal Centre for Philosophy and HumanitiesManipal UniversityManipalIndia

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