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Bioinformatics Tools and Databases for Genomics Research

  • B. D. Singh
  • A. K. Singh

Abstract

Bioinformatics involves the development of statistical tools and techniques and computer software for acquisition, storage, analysis, and visualization of biological information. The European Molecular Biology laboratory (EMBL), the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), and the DNA Databank of Japan (DDBJ) have been catering to the needs of the researchers around the globe for decades, and the databases and tools hosted by these institutes are continually growing at a rapid pace. Analytical tools such as BLAST and CLUSTAL have been the workhorses for sequence data search and analysis, and these programs have been maintained since the 1990s. In addition, many others tools like AutoSNP, SNP2CAPS, TASSEL, STRUCTURE, etc. are useful for sequence data analysis and for deriving biologically meaningful conclusions based on these analyses. On the other hand, databases like GenBank, Phytozome, the EMBL Nucleotide Sequence Database, SwissProt, and Uniprot Knowledgebase, etc. store huge amounts of nucleotide and protein sequence information that are readily accessible to the public. In addition, the Kyoto Encyclopaedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) attempts to understand higher-order biological functions by integrating gene, protein, and metabolic pathway information. This chapter is devoted to the description of various bioinformatics tools and databases relevant for plant breeding activities and discusses their relevant features and applications.

Keywords

Query Sequence European Bioinformatics Institute European Molecular Biology Laboratory Open Reading Frame Finder Restriction Site Polymorphism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Author(s) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. D. Singh
    • 1
  • A. K. Singh
    • 2
  1. 1.School of BiotechnologyBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia
  2. 2.Division of GeneticsIndian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia

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