Advertisement

Securing Cities for Energy Needs

  • Rangan Banerjee
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics book series (SPBE)

Abstract

Cities are critical for the development of any country. For cities to grow, securing energy supply is important. This chapter reviews the energy needs of Indian cities based on end uses (cooking, lighting, motive power, transport) and source (LPG, electricity, diesel, kerosene, biomass). Electricity accounts for more than 50 % of the supply mix in terms of primary energy for most cities. Daily and seasonal variations in the demand for electricity for Indian cities show morning and evening peaks (6 pm to 10 pm). The growth rates for electricity demand range between 5.1 and 10.6 % for a sample of 12 Indian cities. Most Indian cities face electricity shortages often dealt with by load shedding (curtailment of supply). The threats to energy security for cities include supply–demand mismatch, supply disruptions, market volatility, climate variations, etc. Possible responses to ensure energy security involve enhancement of renewable supply, energy efficiency and demand side management (DSM), smart grids, mass transit, zero energy buildings and sustainable urban design. Tracking the energy and carbon performance of cities in a transparent fashion is a prerequisite for planning future sustainable energy services for the city. Securing energy needs for cities would need changes in our approach to planning cities and implementing projects.

Keywords

Gross Domestic Product Smart Grid Carbon Footprint Human Development Index Final Energy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgement

The author would like to thank Mr. Balkrishna Surve for his help in preparing this chapter.

References

  1. Asian Green City Index (2011) Assessing the environmental performance of Asia’s major cities, A Research project conducted by the Economist Intelligence Unit, Siemens AG, 2011. Available http://www.thecrystal.org/assets/download/Asian-Green-City-Index.pdf. Accessed 15 Sept 2014
  2. CEA (2013) Report on eighteenth electrical power survey of India, EPS of Mega Cities, vol II, March 2013, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  3. Cherp A, Jewell J (2011) The three perspectives on energy security: intellectual history, disciplinary roots and the potential for integration. Curr Opin Environ Sustain 3(4): 202–212. Available http://lup.lub.lu.se/record/2270259/file/4239057.pdf. Accessed 10 Sept 2014
  4. International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI), Agra Solar City Master Plan (2011) Development of Agra Solar City, Final Master Plan, supported by Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), New Delhi, ICLEI, South Asia. Available http://mnre.gov.in/file-manager/UserFiles/agra_solar_city_master_plan.pdf. Accessed 25 Sept 2014
  5. McKinsey (2010) Sankhe S et al. India’s urban awakening: building inclusive cities, sustaining economic growth. McKinsey Global Institute, April 2010. Available http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/urbanization/urban_awakening_in_india. Accessed 10 Sept 2014
  6. MSLDC (2013) Data taken from Maharashtra State Load Dispatch Centre (MSLDC). http://www.http://mahasldc.in/. Accessed 25 Sept 2014
  7. NRLDC (2006) Annual Grid Report 2006–2007, Northern Region Load Dispatch Centre (NRLDC). Available http://www.nrldc.org/grid_reports.aspx. Accessed 10 Sept 2014
  8. Pillai IR, Banerjee R (2006) Methodology for estimation of potential for solar water heating in a target area. J Sol Energy 81(2):162–172. doi:dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2006.04.009
  9. Puradbhat S, Banerjee R (2014) Estimating demand side management impacts on buildings in smart grid. The 2014 IEEE ISGT Asia conference on ‘Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT Asia 2014)’. Berjaya Times Square Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, 20–23 May 2014Google Scholar
  10. Reddy BS (2013) Metabolism of Mumbai- expectations, impasse and the need for a new beginning, WP-2013-02, Working paper, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research (IGIDR), Mumbai January, 2013. Available http://www.igidr.ac.in/pdf/publication/WP-2013-002.pdf. Accessed 10 Sept 2014
  11. Reddy BS, Balachandra P (2010) Dynamics of urban mobility: a comparative analysis of megacities of India, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, WP-2010-023, Working paper, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research (IGIDR), Mumbai, December 2010. Available http://www.igidr.ac.in/pdf/publication/WP-2010-023.pdf. Accessed 10 Sept 2014
  12. UNEP (2011) Cities investing in energy and resource efficiency, towards a Green Economy. United Nations Environment Programme. Available http://www.unep.org/greeneconomy/Portals/88/documents/ger/GER_12_Cities.pdf. Accessed 10 Aug 2014
  13. UN Habitat (2013) State of world’s cities 2012–13 prosperity of cities. United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat), Kenya. Available http://www.unhabitat.org. Accessed 28 Oct 2014
  14. Wartsila (2009) The Real Cost of power, Rakesh Sarin, Managing Director, Wartsila India Limited. Available http://www.wartsila.com/file/India/1278515216525a1267106724867-RCOP28july2009.pdf. Accessed 29 Oct 2014

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Energy Science and EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology BombayPowai, MumbaiIndia

Personalised recommendations