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Enhancement of Eco-production Capacity in Chittagong Export Processing Zone (CEPZ), Bangladesh, Employing Korean EIP Transition Strategy

  • Shishir Kumar Behera
  • Song-Hwa Chae
  • Han-Koo Yeo
  • Hung-Suck Park
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics book series (SPBE)

Abstract

In many developing countries, industrial zones have played a central role in fostering industrial development. However, they were also the major contributors of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This implies that industrial zones can be platforms to reduce GHG emissions in industrial sectors which enable green growth and support low-carbon economies. Eco-industrial parks (EIPs) could be one of such platforms to realize low-carbon development through the introduction of the IS concept. Governments like the Republic of Korea have been successful in transforming the traditional industrial parks to EIPs by the national initiatives since 2005. The IFC, World Bank, has initiated Low-Carbon Zone Project in Chittagong Export Processing Zone (CEPZ), Bangladesh, by employing diverse tools and methodologies, including Korean industrial symbiosis (IS) experiences. The potential IS opportunities in CEPZ were identified by analyzing the demand for energy in particular steam and electricity and exploring potential symbiotic networks based on the energy production and consumption survey and analysis by both top-down and bottom-up approaches. For the proposed symbiosis networks to be implemented in a fast, durable, and resilient manner in Bangladesh, right policy and regulatory framework, targeted mitigation activities, as well as awareness campaign and knowledge-sharing were recommended.

Keywords

Heat Recovery Waste Heat Recovery Incineration Plant Industrial Symbiosis Energy Audit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Behera SK, Kim J-H, Lee S-Y, Suh S, Park H-S (2012) Evolution of ‘designed’ IS networks in the Ulsan Eco-industrial Park: ‘research and development into business’ as the enabling framework. J Clean Prod 29–30:103–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chertow MR (2000) IS: literature and taxonomy. Annu Rev Energy Environ 25:313–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. IFC, World Bank (2013) Low carbon export processing zones, Chittagong, Bangladesh, Final report. International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC, USAGoogle Scholar
  4. Park H-S, Won J-Y (2007) Ulsan eco-industrial park: challenges and opportunities. J Ind Ecol 11(3):11–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shishir Kumar Behera
    • 1
  • Song-Hwa Chae
    • 2
  • Han-Koo Yeo
    • 3
  • Hung-Suck Park
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Chemical Engineering DepartmentGMR Institute of TechnologyRajam, Srikakulam Dist.India
  2. 2.Korea Industrial Complex CorporationSeoulSouth Korea
  3. 3.International Finance CorporationWorld BankWashington, DCUSA
  4. 4.Center for Clean Technology and Resource RecyclingUniversity of UlsanUlsanSouth Korea
  5. 5.Dongnam EIP CenterKorea Industrial Complex CorporationUlsanSouth Korea

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