Municipal Convergence for Inclusive Habitat

  • Kamla Kant Pandey
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics book series (SPBE)


This chapter brings together the municipal ability to mobilise necessary resources to promote inclusive habitat with a particular reference to shelter, services and livelihood opportunities for the urban poor. It is noted that sustainable habitat has to specifically include suitable access to land tenure, affordable housing, water supply, sanitation, education, health and social security. At the same time, appropriate arrangements are to be made for adequate space and operational arrangements for skill development, job creation, public distribution system of oil, ration and other necessary items in the low-income areas, community centre and its multipurpose use, bus stop, designated hawking place, police post, school, etc.

It is in this context, two case studies are presented. This is indicated that the city governments of Bhopal and Hyderabad have mobilised necessary funds and involved other stakeholders from public and private sectors to converge resources over a period of time. However, there have been delays and obstacles to involve various stakeholders.

Finally, the chapter presents a twofold action agenda covering project-specific and city-scale actions on municipal finance in the form of a generic model for suitable adaptation to mobilise resources for inclusive habitat to facilitate the urban poor to have a reasonably acceptable lifestyle and quality of life.


Municipal Level Rental Housing Urban Poor Inclusive Habitat Public Distribution System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Census of India (2011) General population totalsGoogle Scholar
  2. CPWD (2014) Central Public Works Department Government of India’s Note/presentation on SanitationGoogle Scholar
  3. Economic Survey (2013) Ministry of Finance, Government of IndiaGoogle Scholar
  4. Economic Survey (2014) Ministry of Finance Government of IndiaGoogle Scholar
  5. GoI (1992) 74th Constitution Amendment Act of 1993 Government of IndiaGoogle Scholar
  6. GoI (2010) Letter of Secretary for internal earmarking of 25% of municipal budget for poor as P-Budget. Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Government of India, D.O.No.N-12027/1/2006BSUP(1)JNNURM/NRC dated 4 November 2010Google Scholar
  7. Government of India (2010) XIII Finance commission report (2010), Ministry of FinanceGoogle Scholar
  8. HPEC High Power Expert Committee Report (2010) Ministry of Urban Development Government of IndiaGoogle Scholar
  9. IIPA (2014) Potential for financing city infrastructure. Financing city infrastructure. Indian Institute of Public Administration, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  10. Mckansey Global Institute (MGI) (2010) Indias urban awakeningGoogle Scholar
  11. MoUD (2006) Guidelines for Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission Government of India (2005)Google Scholar
  12. MoUD (2014) Draft concept note on smart city scheme. Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, New Delhi. Scholar
  13. NBO/HUPA (2013) State of housing in India – a statistical compendiumGoogle Scholar
  14. NIPFP (2008) Property tax study on collection and coverage. NIPFPGoogle Scholar
  15. NIUA (1983) Financial management and level of services provide. NIUA, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  16. Pandey KK (2011) Stimulation of revenue base of ULBs. Indian Institute of Public Administration, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  17. Pandey KK (2012a) Administration of urban development and urban service delivery. Indian Institute of Public Administration, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  18. Pandey KK (2012b) Municipal finance for inclusive habitat. Indian Institute of Public Administration, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  19. Pandey KK (2014) Potential for financing city infrastructure. Indian Institute of Public Administration, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  20. RBI (2006) A study on assessment of Municipal FinanceGoogle Scholar
  21. WSP, World Bank (2010) Economic impacts of inadequate sanitation in India. WSP/World BankGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Urban ManagementIndian Institute of Public AdministrationNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations