Air Pollution: Short-Lived Climate-Forced Ozone in Urban Areas of Kolkata

  • Anjali Srivastava
  • Dipanjali Mujumdar
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics book series (SPBE)


The rapid growth in the economy as well as urban population brings us challenges to the venture of maintaining the clean urban air. Urban air quality is a cause of public concern, largely as a result of increased instances of smog and health problems. New pollutants are being increasingly recognised and point to sources, which are of inevitable use in day-to-day modern life. Air pollution sources have grown and so the pollutants. Many of these sources are indices of development. As ubiquitous components in the atmosphere, non-methane volatile organic compounds have received immense attention due to not only their adverse health effects on humans but also because of their role as the precursor of lower tropospheric ozone which eventually leads to urban photochemical smog.

Modern studies on atmospheric photochemistry indicate that ozone mixing ratios at ambient air depend on complex, non-linear, feedback control processes involving NOx and VOC precursor mixing ratio. Hence, control computation is required, adopting mathematical models that include the best representation of the non-linear chemistry as the basis.


Mass Flux Sorbent Tube Traffic Intersection Total Carbonyl Probabilistic Collocation Method 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Carter WPL (2007) Development of the SAPRC-07 chemical mechanism and updated ozone reactivity scales, Final report to the California Air Resources Board Contract No. 03-318. August. (
  2. Carter WPL (2010) Development of a condensed SAPRC-07 chemical mechanism. Atmos Environ 44(40):5336–5345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cohen J, Prinn R (2009) Development of a fast and detailed model of urban-scale chemical and physical processing. MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Report no. 181Google Scholar
  4. CPCB (2009) National ambient air quality standards.
  5. CPCB (2010) Study of urban air quality in Kolkata for source identification and estimation of ozone, carbonyls, NOx and VOC emissions. Control of Urban Pollution Series: CUPS/72/ 20010-11. Central Pollution Control Board (Ministry of Environment & Forests) August, 2010Google Scholar
  6. Finlayson-Pitts BJ, Pitts JN (2000) In chemistry of the upper and lower atmosphere. Academic, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. Goldsmith JR, Nadel JA (1969) Experimental exposure of human subjects to ozone. J Air Pollut Control Assoc 19(5):329–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Jones PD, New M, Parker DE, Martin S, Rigor IG (1999) Surface air temperature and its changes over the past 150 years. Rev Geophys 37(2):173–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Krupa SV, Manning WJ (1988) Atmospheric ozone: formation and effects on vegetation. Environ Pollut 50:101–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Odabasi M (2008) Halogenated volatile organic compounds from the use of chlorine-bleach- containing household products. Environ Sci Technol 42:1445–1451CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Roselle SJ, Pierce TE, Schere KL (1991) The sensitivity of regional ozone modelling to biogenic hydrocarbons. J Geophys Res 96:7371–7394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Tatang MA, Pan WW, Prinn RG, McRae GJ (1997) An efficient method for parametric uncertainty analysis of numerical geophysical models. J Geophys Res Atmos 102(D18):21925–21932CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. USEPA- Compendium Method TO-17 (1999)
  14. Yang KL, Ting CC, Wang JL, Wingenter OW, Chan CC (2005) Diurnal and seasonal cycles of ozone precursors observed from continuous measurement at an urban site, in Taiwan. Atmos Environ 39(18):3221–3230CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Environmental Engineering Research InstituteMumbai Zonal LaboratoryWorli, MumbaiIndia
  2. 2.National Environmental Engineering Research InstituteKolkata Zonal LaboratoryKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations