Arsenic and Fluoride Pollution in Water and Soils



Water is an essential natural source for sustaining life and environment which we have always thought to be available in abundance and free gift of nature. Natural and anthropogenic pollutants threaten the quality of life through environmental pollution. Rainwater recharged from surface into the underground becomes groundwater. In many parts of the world, groundwater is pumped out of the ground so it can be used as a source of water for drinking, bathing, other household uses, agriculture, and industry. If rain water or surface water comes into contact with contaminated soil while seeping into the ground, it can become polluted and can carry the pollution from the soil to the groundwater.


Fluoride Concentration Geothermal Water Silicon Tetrafluoride Water Fluoridation Bengal Basin 
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© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencesQuiad-i-Azam UniversityIslamabadPakistan

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