Advertisement

Culture and Values of Sea Urchin

  • K. Maheshkumar

Abstract

In the developed countries, there is a general consumer shift from meat towards seafood. Seafood is an excellent source of protein, fatty acids, low cholesterols and vitamins and minerals. It is also reported that the consumption of seafood especially fish and fish oil produces brainy child and prevents humans from coronary heart diseases. Now more than one billion people worldwide rely on fish as an important source of animal protein. It contributes 180 cal per capita per day (FAO 2002). The world population has been increasing quickly than the total fish food supply from production; this decreases in global per capita fish supply from 14.6 kg in 1987 to 13.7 kg in 2000 (FAO 2002). This has been evidenced in India also, i.e. the annual per capita was very low at 8 kg against the world average of 13.7 kg (Sugunan and Sinha 2001). To overcome the situation we should develop suitable mariculture technology for fin fish and other cultivable organisms in open seas to supplement capture fishery production.

Keywords

Artificial Reef Coral Reef Ecosystem Reservoir Tank Cultivable Organism Gonad Enhancement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. FAO (2002) The state of world fisheries and aquaculture. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, pp 30–33Google Scholar
  2. Grosjean P (2001) Growth model of the reared sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816). Ph.D. thesis, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, 271 ppGoogle Scholar
  3. Hagen NT (1996) Echinoculture: form fishery enhancement to closed cycle cultivation. World Aquacult 27:7–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Harris LG, Madigan P, Waters K (2003) A hatchery system for green sea urchin aquaculture in the Gulf of Maine. World Aquac 34:32–71Google Scholar
  5. Le Gall P (1990) Culture of echinoderms. In: Barnabe G (ed) Aquaculture, vol 1. Ellis Horwood, New York, pp 311–324Google Scholar
  6. Pearse CM, Daggett TL, Robinson SMC (2004) Effect of urchin size and diet on gonad yield and quality in the green sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis). Aquaculture 233:337–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Saito K (1992) Japan’s sea urchin enhancement experience. In: Dewees CM (ed) The management and enhancement of sea urchins and other kelp bed resources: a Pacific rim perspective, Publication no. T-CSGCP-028. California Sea Grant College, University of California, La Jolla, pp 1–38Google Scholar
  8. Sugunan VV, Sinha M (2001) Sustainable capture fisheries-based fisheries in freshwater. In: Pandian TJ (ed) Proceedings: seminar on “sustainable fisheries for nutritional security”. National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, New Delhi, pp 43–70Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Marine Studies and Coastal Resource ManagementMadras Christian CollegeTambaram, ChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations