Culture and Values of Sea Urchin

  • K. Maheshkumar


In the developed countries, there is a general consumer shift from meat towards seafood. Seafood is an excellent source of protein, fatty acids, low cholesterols and vitamins and minerals. It is also reported that the consumption of seafood especially fish and fish oil produces brainy child and prevents humans from coronary heart diseases. Now more than one billion people worldwide rely on fish as an important source of animal protein. It contributes 180 cal per capita per day (FAO 2002). The world population has been increasing quickly than the total fish food supply from production; this decreases in global per capita fish supply from 14.6 kg in 1987 to 13.7 kg in 2000 (FAO 2002). This has been evidenced in India also, i.e. the annual per capita was very low at 8 kg against the world average of 13.7 kg (Sugunan and Sinha 2001). To overcome the situation we should develop suitable mariculture technology for fin fish and other cultivable organisms in open seas to supplement capture fishery production.


Artificial Reef Coral Reef Ecosystem Reservoir Tank Cultivable Organism Gonad Enhancement 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Marine Studies and Coastal Resource ManagementMadras Christian CollegeTambaram, ChennaiIndia

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