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Microbial Enzymes and Their Industrial Applications

  • Sanjai Saxena
Chapter

Abstract

Enzymes are biological catalysts produced in living cells. They are proteinaceous in nature, the exception being catalytic RNA, which are also referred to as ribozymes. The term ‘en zyme’ is derived from the Greek, meaning ‘in sour dough’. E. Buchner (1897) experimentally proved that cell-free extract from yeast could produce alcohol from sugars, and he referred to it as “zymase”. The unique characteristics that enzymes possess are that they (1) increase the rate of reaction they catalyze, without being consumed or lost; (2) act specifically with the substrate to produce the products; and (3) remain regulated from a state of low activity to high activity and vice versa. Enzymes have been grouped into six classes based on the types of reactions they catalyze (Table 9.1). All cellular processes are controlled by a coordinated sequence of reactions that have specifically been catalyzed by a defined set of enzymes.

Keywords

Bacterial Vaginosis Linear Alkyl Benzene Sulfonate Alkaline Protease Microbial Enzyme Fibrinolytic Enzyme 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanjai Saxena
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyThapar UniversityPatialaIndia

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