Advertisement

Fermentation Technology

  • Sanjai Saxena
Chapter

Abstract

The knowledge of fermentation is ancient perhaps prehistorical. Sumerians and Egyptians possessed the knowledge of technique by which they could convert the starchy grains into alcohol. In due course of time, fermentation processes have been developed to manufacture a vast range of materials from chemically simple feedstocks such as ethanol to high complex protein structures. This chapter delas with different processes of Fermentation viz. Batch, Fed-Batch, and Continuous Fermentation, Solid state and Submerged fermentation. It also provides an insight to components of a typical bioreactor, types of bioreactions, media used for industrial Fermentations and gives an overiew of the downstream processing.

Keywords

Specific Growth Rate Fermentation Process Fermentation Time Downstream Processing Corn Steep Liquor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Selected Reading

  1. Barbosa M, Soccol CR, Marin B, Todeschini ML, Tonial TM, Flores V (1997) Prospect to production of Pleurotus sajor-caju from cassava fibrous waste. In: Roussos S, et al. (ed) Advances in solid state fermentation: edible mushrooms/fungi. Kluwer Academic Publishers, London, pp 515–527Google Scholar
  2. Bryson V, Szybalski W (1952) Microbial selection. Science 18(115):45–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bu’Lock JD, Hamilton D, Hulme MA, Powell AJ, Shepherd D, Smalley HM, Smith GN (1965) Metabolic development and secondary biosynthesis in Penicillium urticae. Can J Microbiol 11:765–768CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Candra TE, Tomasini A, Fernandez FJ, Barrios-Gonzalez J (2004) Produccion de Cefalosporina C por A. chrysogenum C10 fermentacion en medico solido de 2 fares. 34 Congreso Nacional de Microbiologica, Cancun, Mexico, p 43Google Scholar
  5. Chisti Y, Moo Young M (1999) Fermentation technology, bioprocessing, scaleup and manufacture. In: Moses V, Cape RE, Springham DG (eds) Biotechnology – the science and business, 2nd edn. Harwood Academic Publishers, New York, pp 177–222Google Scholar
  6. Durand A (2003) Bioreactor design in solid substrate fermentation. Biochem Engg J 13:113–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Machado CMM, Soccol CR, Oliveira BH, Pandey A (2000) Coffee husk as substrate for the production of gibberellic acid by fermentation. In: Sera T, et al. (ed) Coffee biotechnology and quality. Kluwer Academic Publisher, Dordrecht, pp 401–408Google Scholar
  8. Pandey A, Selvakumar P, Soccol CR, Nigam P (1999) Solid state fermentation for the production of industrial enzymes. Curr Sci 79:149–162Google Scholar
  9. Pandey A, Soccol CR, Mitchell D (2000) New developments in solid state fermentations I: bioprocesses and products. Process Biochem 31:669–678Google Scholar
  10. Prabhakar A, Krishnaiah K, Janaun J, Bono A (2005) Overview of engineering aspects of solid substrate fermentation. Malays J Microbiol 1(2):10–16Google Scholar
  11. Raimbault M (1998) General and microbiological aspects of solid substrate fermentation. Electron J Biotechnol 1(3):174–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Sadhukhan AK, Ramanamurthy MV, Kumar RA, Mohan EVS, Vandana G, Venkateshwara Rao K (1999) Optimization of mycophenolic acid production in solid substrate fermentation using response surface methodology. Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 22:33–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Soccol CR, Marin B, Raimbault M, Lebeault JM (1994) Solid state fermentation for production of L (+)-lactic acid by Rhizopus. Cond Brasileiro Eng Quim 2:1189–1194Google Scholar
  14. Soccol CR, Ayala LA, Soccol VT, Krieger N, Santos HR (1997) Spore production by entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana from declassified potatoes by solid-state fermentation. Rev Microbiol 28(Suppl 1):34–42Google Scholar
  15. Stanbury PF, Whitakar A, Hall SJ (eds) (1999) Principles of fermentation technology. Butterworth – Heinemann Publishers, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  16. Vandenberghe LPS, Soccol CR, Pandey A, Lebeault JM (2000) Solid substrate fermentation for synthesis of citric acid by Aspergillus niger. Bioresour Technol 74:175–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Vogel HC, Todaro CL (eds) (1997) Fermentation and biochemical engineering handbook, 2nd edn, Principles of process design and equipment. Noyes Publication, WestwoodGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanjai Saxena
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyThapar UniversityPatialaIndia

Personalised recommendations