Diversity of Industrially Relevant Microbes

  • Sanjai Saxena


This chapter shall discuss how existence of microbes in different ecological niches can be exploited for the processes and production of industrial products and bioproducts. The different physico-chemical or geological conditions in which the microbes exist and their possible exploitation. Emphasis would be on plant–microbe, microbe–microbe interaction and animal–microbe interaction.


Irritable Bowel Syndrome Microbial Diversity Endophytic Fungus Microbe Interaction Marine Microorganism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Selected Reading

  1. Aly AH, Debbab A, Kjer J, Proksch P (2010) Fungal endophytes from higher plants: a prolific source of phytochemicals and other bioactive natural products. Fungal Divers 41:1–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amna T, Puri SC, Verma V, Sharma JP, Khajuria RK et al (2006) Bioreactor studies on the endophytic fungus Entrophospora infrequens for the production of an anticancer alkaloid camptothecin. Can J Microbiol 52:189–196CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Bringmann G, Lang G, Mühlbacher J, Schaumann K, Steffens S, Rytik PG, Hentschel U, Morschhäuser J, Müller WE (2003) Sorbicillactone A: a structurally unprecedented bioactive novel-type alkaloid from a sponge-derived fungus. Prog Mol Subcell Biol 37:231–253CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Castillo U, Harper JK, Strobel GA, Sears J, Alesi K, Ford E, Lin J, Hunter M, Maranta M, Ge H, Yaver D, Jensen JB, Porter H, Robison R, Millar D, Hess WM, Condron M, Teplow D (2003) Kakadumycins, novel antibiotics from Streptomyces sp NRRL 30566, an endophyte of Grevillea pteridifolia. FEMS Microbiol Lett 224(2):183–190CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Egan S, James S, Holmström C, Kjelleberg S (2001) Inhibition of algal spore germination by the marine bacterium Pseudoalteromonas tunicata. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 35:67–73CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Erba E, Bergamaschi D, Ronzoni S, Faretta M, Taverna S, Bonfanti M, Catapano CV, Faircloth G, Jimeno J, D’Incalci M (1999) Mode of action of thiocoraline, a natural marine compound with anti-tumour activity. Br J Cancer 80:971–980CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Etemadi O, Petrisor IG, Kim D, Wan MW, Yen TF (2003) Stabilization of metals in subsurface by biopolymers: laboratory drainage flow studies. Soil Sediment Contam 12:647–661CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Franks A, Egan S, Holmstrom C, James S, Lappin-Scott H, Kjelleberg S (2006) Inhibition of fungal colonization by Pseudoalteromonas tunicata provides a competitive advantage during surface colonization. Appl Environ Microbiol 72:6079–6087CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Gioia F, Ciriello PP (2006) The containment of oil spills in porous media using xanthan/aluminium solutions, gelled by gaseous CO2 or by AlCl3 solutions. J Hazard Mater 138:500–506CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Gunatilaka AAL (2006) Natural products from plant-associated microorganisms: distribution, structural diversity, bioactivity, and implications of their occurrence. J Nat Prod 69:509–526CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Harrison LH, Teplow DB, Rinaldi M, Strobel G (1991) Pseudomycins, a family of novel peptides from Pseudomonas syringae possessing broad-spectrum antifungal activity. J Gen Microbiol 137:2857–2865CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. He H, Ding WD, Bernan VS, Richardson AD, Ireland CM, Greenstein M, Ellestad GA, Carter GT (2001) Lomaiviticins A and B, potent antitumor antibiotics from Micromonospora lomaivitiensis. J Am Chem Soc 123:5362–5363CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Holler U, Konig G, Wright AD (1999) A new tyrosine kinase inhibitor from a marine isolate of Ulocladium botrytis and new metabolites from the marine fungi Asteromyces cruciatus and Varicosporina ramulosa. Eur J Org Chem 11:2949–2955CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Holmström C, Kjelleberg S (1998) Marine Pseudoalteromonas species are associated with higher organisms and produce biologically active extracellular agents. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 30:285–293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jadulco R, Proksch P, Wray V, Sudarsono, Berg A, Berg A (2001) New macrolides and furan carboxylic acid derivative from the sponge-derived fungus Cladosporium herbarum. J Nat Prod 64:527–530CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Kopke B, WIlms R, Engelen B, Cypionka H, Sass H (2005) Microbial diversity in coastal subsurface sediments: a cultivation approach using various electron acceptors and substrate gradients. Appl Environ Microbiol 71(12):7819–7830CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Kour A, Shawl AS, Rehman S, Sultan P, Qazi PH, Suden P, Khajuria RK, Verma V (2008) Isolation and identification of an endophytic strain of Fusarium oxysporum producing podophyllotoxin from Juniperus recurva. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 24:1115–1121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lingqi Z, Guo B, Li H, Zeng S, Shao H, Gu S, Wei R (2000) Preliminary study on the isolation of the endophytic fungus of Catharanthus roseus and its fermentation to produce products of therapeutic value. Chin. Trad. Chin Tradit Herb Drugs 31:805–807Google Scholar
  19. Lugtenberg B, Chin-A-Woeng T, Bloemberg G (2002) Microbe-plant interactions: principles and mechanisms. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 81:373–383CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Marlida Y, Saari N, Hassan Z, Radu S, Bakar J (2000) Purification and characterization of sago starch-degrading glucoamylase from Acremonium sp. endophytic fungus. Food Chem 71:221–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Momemi D, Kamel R, Martin R, Yen TF (1999) Potential use of biopolymer grouts for liquefaction mitigation. In: Leeson A, Alleman BC (eds) Phytoremediation and innovation strategies for specialized remedial applications. Batelle Press, Columbus, pp 175–18Google Scholar
  22. Motyl MR, Tan C, Liberator P et al (2010) MK-3118, an oral enfumafungin with potent in vitro activity against Candida and Aspergillus spp. In: Abstracts of the fiftieth interscience conference on antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, Boston, MA, 2010. Abstract F1-847. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DC, USAGoogle Scholar
  23. Okami Y, Okazaki T, Kitahara T, Umezawa H (1976) Studies on marine microorganisms. V. A new antibiotic, aplasmomycin produced by a streptomycete isolated from shallow sea mud. J Antibiot 29(10):1019–1025CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Ondeyka JG, Helms GL, Hensens OD, Goetz MA, Zink DL, Tsipouras A, Shoop WL, Slayton L, Dombrowski AW, Polishook JD, Ostlind DA, Tsou NN, Ball RG, Singh SB (1997) Nodulisporic acid A, a novel and potent insecticide from a Nodulisporium sp. isolation, structure determination, and chemical transformations. J Am Chem Soc 119:8809–8816CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Oren A (2002) Diversity of halophilic microorganisms: environments, phylogeny, physiology, and applications. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 28:56–63CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Penesyan A, Kjelleberg S, Egan S (2010) Development of novel drugs from marine surface associated microorganisms. Mar Drugs 8:438–459CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Staniek A, Woerdenbag HJ, Kayser O (2008) Endophytes: exploiting biodiversity for the improvement of natural product-based drug discovery. J Plant Interact 3:75–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Stierle A, Strobel G, Stierle D (1993) Taxol and taxane production by Taxomyces andreanae, an endophytic fungus of Pacific yew. Science 260:214–216CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Stierle A, Strobel G, Stierle D, Grothaus P, Bignami G (1995) The search for a taxol-producing microorganism among the endophytic fungi of the Pacific yew, Taxus brevifolia. J Nat Prod 58:1315–1324CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Torres M, Dolcet MM, Sala N, Canela R (2003) Endophytic fungi associated with Mediterranean plants as a source of mycelium-bound lipases. J Agric Food Chem 51:3328–3333CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Verma VC, Gond SK, Mishra A, Kumar A, Kharwar RN, Gange AC (2009) Endophytic actinomycetes from Azadirachta indica A. Juss.: isolation, diversity and anti-microbial activity. Microb Ecol 57:749–756CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Wallace TC, Guarner F, Madsen K, Cabana MD, Gibson GR, Hentges E, Sanders ME (2011) Human gut microbiota and its relationship to health and disease. Nutr Rev 69(7):392–403CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Wijeratne EMK, Paranagama PA, Marron MT, Gunatilaka MK, Arnold AE, Gunatilaka AAL (2008) Sesquiterpene quinines and related metabolites from Phyllosticta spinarum, a fungal strain endophytic in Platycladus orientalis of the sonorant desert. J Nat Prod 71:218–222CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Wood EJF (1959) Some aspects of marine microbiology. J Mar Biol Assoc India 1:26–32Google Scholar
  35. Zhang B, Salituro G, Szalkowski D, Li Z, Zhang Y et al (1999) Discovery of small molecule insulin mimetic with antidiabetic activity in mice. Science 284:974–977CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Zobell CE (1946) Marine microbiology. Chronica Botanica, WalthamGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanjai Saxena
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyThapar UniversityPatialaIndia

Personalised recommendations