Aonla (Indian gooseberry)

  • Shrikant Hiwale


Aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn.) or Indian gooseberry is an important fruit crop of Indian origin and is known since for its nutritive and medicinal value. The fruit is a rich source of ascorbic acid, a vital vitamin for its antioxidant value. The vitamin is not oxidized due to the presence of tannins and is least destroyed during storage. Dried fruits of aonla are useful in the treatment of dysentery, jaundice, dyspepsia, and cough.

Aonla is emerging as one of the important minor fruits of India. The area under this fruit has gone up to approximately 25,000 ha over the past decade. Identification of superior varieties with high yield increased productivity even under semiarid rainfed conditions on marginal degraded lands. The tree can beat the vagaries of monsoon, drought conditions, and high temperature. There are a number of value-added products that can be prepared and sold in Indian as well as in overseas market. The demand for such products is on an increase, and around 20 t of aonla candy was produced last year in Gujarat itself. Thus, there is great potential for aonla cultivation in semiarid rainfed areas.


Fruit Development Female Flower Male Flower Fruit Drop Calcium Ammonium Nitrate 
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© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shrikant Hiwale
    • 1
  1. 1.Fruit CropsCentral Horticultural Experiment StationVejalpurIndia

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