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Problems of Horticulture in Semiarid rain fed areas

  • Shrikant Hiwale
Chapter

Abstract

India has 56 % of the semiarid tropics population on 10 % of the semiarid tropics area. The major soils of semiarid tropics are vertisol which possess the best potential for increasing crop yield severalfold. The semiarid tropic is one of the poorest economic regions. There is increasing pressure on the land with the risk of soil degradation under existing practices. There is a high risk of soil loss with the use of traditional systems. The climate of semiarid region is marked by aridity index (0.2 P/ETP 0.50). FAO has based their classification on the growing period and indicated that the growing period of 96 days which is within the 75–119-day range is classified as semiarid. The rainfall is significantly less than the potential evapotranspiration throughout the year. Successful crop production depends on stored soil water in addition to rainfall. The area is marked by low and erratic rainfall, low soil organic matter, erosion, low inherent fertility, and frequent droughts which limit the scope for high horticultural productivity.

Keywords

Soil Erosion Infiltration Rate Soil Evaporation Aridity Index Universal Soil Loss Equation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shrikant Hiwale
    • 1
  1. 1.Fruit CropsCentral Horticultural Experiment StationVejalpurIndia

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