Jamun (Syzygium cuminii)

  • Shrikant Hiwale


Jamun, Syzygium cuminii, is one of the most hardy fruit crops and can easily be grown in neglected and marshy areas where other fruit plants cannot be grown successfully. The fruit is a good source of iron, sugars, minerals, protein, carbohydrate, etc. Jamun originated in India. Small Jamun fruits, which are not suitable for table use, can be used in the beverage industry as they contained a high amount of acidity, tannins, and anthocyanin. Leaf extract of Jamun reduces radiation-induced DNA damage in the cultured human peripheral blood lymphocytes. Therefore, Jamun fruits have high value in terms of therapeutics and nutrition. Jamun fruits are used as an effective medicine against diabetes. The area under the crop is increasing fast owing to tremendous potential for commercialization. However, the shelf life of the fruit and value addition needs to be worked out to sustain the increase in area, because of identification of superior varieties like Vengurla seedless and Lucknow seedless.


Fruit Weight Total Soluble Solid Human Peripheral Blood Lymphocyte Elite Genotype Canopy Management 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Anonymous (1986) Research highlight, 1985. ICAR, New Delhi, p 27Google Scholar
  2. Ashraf SM (1987) Studies on post harvest technology of jamun fruits. Ph.D. thesis, Department of Horticulture, NDUAT, Kumarganj, FaizabadGoogle Scholar
  3. Bailey LH, Baily EJ (1978) Hortus third- a concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. MacMillan Publishing Co., New York, pp 457–458Google Scholar
  4. Bose TK, Mitra SK, Sanyal D (2000) Fruits: tropical and subtropical, vol II. Pub. Naya Udyog, 206, Bidhan Sarani, Calcutta, India, pp 643–656Google Scholar
  5. Chovatia RS, Singh SP (2000) Effect of time on budding and grafting success in jamun (Syzygium cuminii Skeels). Indian J Hortic 57:255–258Google Scholar
  6. Chundawat BS (1990) Arid fruit culture. Pub. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, pp 165–171Google Scholar
  7. Devi SP, Thangam M, Desai AR, Adsule PG (2002) Studies on variability in physico- chemical characters of different jamun (Syzygium cuminii Skeels) accessions from Goa. Indian J Hortic 59:153–156Google Scholar
  8. Garande VK, Joshi GD, Wasker DP (1998) Studies of changes in chemical composition during growth and development of jamun fruit. Orissa J Hortic 26:76–78Google Scholar
  9. Geetha CK, Babylata AK, Methew KL, George ST (1992) Fruit development in jamun (Syzygium cuminii Skeels). South Indian Hortic 40:350–351Google Scholar
  10. Hebbara M, Manjunatha MV, Patil SG, Patil DR (2002) Performance of fruit species in saline- water logged soils. Karnataka J Agric Sci 15:94–98Google Scholar
  11. Keskar BG, Karale AR, Dhawale BC, Choudhary KG (1989) Improvement of Jamun (Syzygium cuminii Skeels) by selection. Maharastra J Hortic 4:117–120Google Scholar
  12. Kundu S, Ghosh DK, Maiti SC (2001) Evaluation of some local types of jamun (Syzygium cuminii Skeels) of West Bengal. Environ Ecol 19:872–874Google Scholar
  13. Madalageri MB, Patil VS, Nalawadi UG (1991) Propagation of jamun (Syzygium Cuminii Skeels) by soft wood wedge grafting. My For 27:176–178Google Scholar
  14. Mishra RS, Bajpai PN (1971) Vegetative growth studies in the jamun. Indian J Hortic 28:273–277Google Scholar
  15. Mohammed M, Wickham L (1999) Effect of modified atmosphere packaging and ethanol on the deastringency process in Jamun (Syzygium cuminii Skeels) fruit. J Appl Hortic 1:105–107Google Scholar
  16. Patel VB, Pandey SN, Singh SK, Bikash D (2005) Variability in jamun(Syzygium cuminii Skeels) accessions from Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand. Indian J Hortic 62:244–247Google Scholar
  17. Prabhuraj HS, Swamy GSK, Athani SI, Patil BR, Hulamani NC, Patil PB (2002) Variability in morphological characteristics of Jamun (Syzygium Cuminii Skeels) trees. My For 38:187–189Google Scholar
  18. Prince PSM, Kamalakkanan N, Menon VP (2003) Syzygium cuminii Skeels seed extracts reduce tissue damage in diabetic rat brain. J Anthropol 84:205–209Google Scholar
  19. Sasthri G, Srimathi P, Malarkadi K (2001) Effect of seed size on seed quality in jamun (Syzygium cuminii Skeels). Madras Agric J 88:524–526Google Scholar
  20. Shukla JP (1979) Ph.D. thesis, Department of Horticulture, CSA University of Agriculture and Technology, KanpurGoogle Scholar
  21. Shukla JP, Prasad A (1980) Changing pattern of jamun fruit during growth and development III. Changes in respiratory activity. Prog Hort 12:71–73Google Scholar
  22. Singh G, Dagar JC, Singh NT (1997) Growing fruit trees in highly alkaline soils- a case study. Land Degrad Dev 8:257–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Singh HL (1978) Studies o pollen germination in jamun (Syzygium cuminii Skeels). Plant Sci 10:151–152Google Scholar
  24. Singh IS (2001) Minor fruits and their uses. Indian J Hortic 58:178–182Google Scholar
  25. Singh IS, Pathak RK (1988) Packing of Jamun, Aonla and Bael fruits a Souvenir on packing of fruits and vegetables in India. Agri- Horticultural Society Publication, Hyderabad, pp 108–111Google Scholar
  26. Singh IS, Srivastava AK, Singh V (1999) Improvement of some underutilized fruits through selection. J Appl Hortic 1:34–37Google Scholar
  27. Singh RK, Thakur S (1977) Seed germination and seedling growth of jamun (Syzygium cuminii Skeels) types. Proc Bihar Acad Agric Sci 25:139–142Google Scholar
  28. Singh S, Singh AK (2005) Genetic variability in Jamun (Sizygium cuminii Skeells)types. Proc Bihar Acad Agric Sci 25:139–142Google Scholar
  29. Singh S, Singh AK (2006) Standardization of method and time of propagation in Jamun (Sizigium cuminii) under semiarid environment of western India. Indian J Agric Sci 76:242–245Google Scholar
  30. Singh S, Singh AK, Joshi HK, Bagle BG, Dhandar DG (2006) Developmental pattern and standardization of maturity indices in jamun (Syzygium cuminii Skeels) under semi arid ecosystem of western India. National symposium on production, utilization and export of under utilized fruits with commercial potentialities, 22–24th November, 2006 at BCKV, Kalyani, West Bengal, p 114Google Scholar
  31. Vaishtha BB (1991) Lecture delivered in summer institute on fruit production and utilization in wastelands; NDUAT, Faizabad, 24th June–12 July 1991Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shrikant Hiwale
    • 1
  1. 1.Fruit CropsCentral Horticultural Experiment StationVejalpurIndia

Personalised recommendations