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Bael (Aegle marmelos Correa.)

  • Shrikant Hiwale
Chapter

Abstract

Bael (Aegle marmelos Correa) is an important indigenous fruit of India. Like many other species of Rutaceae family, bael also has fragrant flowers. They are also highly valued in Ayurvedic medicines. All the parts of the tree, whether it is stem, bark, root, leaf, flower, seed oil, or fruits of any stage of maturity and ripening, are used in various Ayurvedic medicines. There is lot of variability as the stray plants are of seed origin. There are no regular orchards of bael. It can tolerate salinity to some extent and can be grown successfully once the orchard is established under semiarid rainfed conditions. In situ softwood budding/grafting can be used to establish an orchard. The gestation period is reduced by adopting vegetative propagation. Varieties NB-5 and NB-9 are performing better in semiarid areas, and a yield of 40–50 kg can be obtained per plant.

It is the most suitable crop for value addition. The pulp is diluted with water and add the requisite amount of sugar to tamarind juice to prepare a delicious cooling drink. The bael pulp is used as a base of various fruit products like squash, jam, slab, toffee, powder, nectar, RTS, etc. Green bael fruits are used for preparing Murabba (preserve).

Keywords

Ripe Fruit Fruit Weight Fruit Pulp Rainfed Condition Ayurvedic Medicine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shrikant Hiwale
    • 1
  1. 1.Fruit CropsCentral Horticultural Experiment StationVejalpurIndia

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