Urban Mobility Trends in Indian Cities and Its Implications

  • Ashish Verma
  • S. Velmurugan
  • Sanjay Singh
  • Anjula Gurtoo
  • T. V. Ramanayya
  • Malvika Dixit


The world is increasingly looking at the developing nations as potential markets and is eagerly waiting to see how the nations perform in the coming years. Efficient transportation system is essential for a country’s development – especially in urban areas that contribute to the majority of gross domestic product (GDP) of a country. Past decade saw enormous developments in transportation infrastructure in India. This chapter evaluates the current state of mobility in Indian cities based on the aspects of demography and economy, transportation policy and transport costs, transport demand and transport supply. It provides a comparative analysis between the five representative sample Indian cities of Delhi, Bangalore, Lucknow, Indore and Guwahati and looks at the underlying factors responsible for the observed trends. Lastly, it discusses the implications of the observed patterns to provide a base for planning and policy level decisions related to urban mobility.


Gross Domestic Product Public Transit Vehicle Ownership Capita Gross Domestic Product Private Vehicle 



The study would not have been possible without the support of the funding agency – Institute for Mobility Research (IFMO), Germany. The authors would also like to thank the numerous organizations which gave us access to their data and extended goodwill and kind support.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashish Verma
    • 1
  • S. Velmurugan
    • 2
  • Sanjay Singh
    • 3
  • Anjula Gurtoo
    • 4
  • T. V. Ramanayya
    • 5
  • Malvika Dixit
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Civil Engineering and Centre for Infrastructure Sustainable Transportation and Urban PlanningIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Traffic Engineering and Safety DivisionCentral Road Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Indian Institute of ManagementLucknowIndia
  4. 4.Department of Management StudiesIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia
  5. 5.Indian Institute of ManagementBangaloreIndia
  6. 6.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

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