Blue Carbon in Faunal Community



Molluscs constitute of organisms with soft unsegmented body usually covered with calcareous shell. They are the largest marine phylum, comprising of about 23 % of all the recognized marine organisms. About 85,000 species of molluscs have been identified till date. Numerous molluscs also thrive luxuriantly in freshwater and terrestrial habitats. Organisms under phylum mollusca are highly diverse, not only in size and in anatomical structure, but also in behaviour and in habitat. The phylum is typically divided into nine or ten taxonomic classes, of which two are entirely extinct. The two primary molluscan classes are bivalvia and gastropoda. The authors of this book consider molluscan community under the banner of blue carbon primarily because of their habitat in the marshy wetlands, mangroves, seagrass bed, saltmarsh grass bed, coastal zones, estuaries and seas. Carbon is also a major constituent of the calcareous hard shell over the body of molluscan organisms. However, acidification—a strong arm of climate change—has posed a negative impact on this community by way of dissolving and thinning of their calcareous shell.


Coral Reef Calcium Carbonate Dissolve Inorganic Carbon Great Barrier Reef Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Marine ScienceUniversity of CalcuttaKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Division of OceanographyTechno India UniversityKolkataIndia

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