Harnessing Plant-Microbe Interactions for Enhanced Protection Against Phytopathogens

  • Sandhya Mishra
  • Akanksha Singh
  • Chetan Keswani
  • Amrita Saxena
  • B. K. Sarma
  • H. B. Singh


Beneficial plant-microbe interactions have utmost importance for enhancing plant growth, improving soil structure, and managing plant diseases. Not surprisingly, such mutual interactions, where plants provide nourishment to rhizospheric microbes and in return microbes help in facilitating plant growth and stress amelioration, actually lay the foundation of sustainable agriculture. To cope with the major challenge of pathogen attack, beneficial rhizospheric microbes have proven their efficacy by induced systemic resistance (ISR). Therefore, such microbes are increasingly used in the form of biofertilizers and biopesticides. Moreover, such plant-microbe interactions elicit a range of defense-responsive activities in order to combat the pathogen challenge. The main microbes-mediated defense strategies adopted by plants include activation of antioxidant status of the plant by reprogramming defense-related enzymes, modulation of quorum sensing phenomenon, and activation of phenylpropanoid pathway leading to phenolics production, lignin deposition, and transgenerational defense response. In this chapter, we highlight the relevance of beneficial interactions between plant and microbes in enhancing plants’ innate immune system against pathogen attack. This review provides a better understanding of the recent advances and major outcome of positive plant-microbe interactions and linking their relevance to plant defense response.


Defense Response Quorum Sense Phenylalanine Ammonia Lyase Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Phenylpropanoid Pathway 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



HBS and BKS are grateful to the Department of Biotechnology, Govt. of India, for providing financial support (BT/PR5990/AGR/5/587/2012). SM is thankful to UGC for awarding Dr. D.S. Kothari Postdoctoral Fellowship.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sandhya Mishra
    • 1
  • Akanksha Singh
    • 1
  • Chetan Keswani
    • 1
  • Amrita Saxena
    • 1
  • B. K. Sarma
    • 1
  • H. B. Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mycology and Plant PathologyInstitute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

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