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Ectomycorrhizal Fungi and Their Applications

  • Antonietta Mello
  • Elisa Zampieri
  • Raffaella Balestrini
Chapter

Abstract

Ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi form association with relatively small number of plants that dominate boreal, temperate, Mediterranean, and some subtropical forest ecosystems. These plant species have been able to acquire metabolic capabilities through symbioses with ECM fungi, thus improving their mineral nutrition and growth in several ecological niches. Mycorrhizal fungi can also play several other important ecological roles, including the protection of plants from abiotic and biotic stresses. Several “targeted” metagenomic projects have been carried out, or are now in progress, in order to identify the fungal communities in soil, including ECM fungi, which are present in various habitats (e.g., forest and truffle-ground soils, etc.). ECM fungi, which are important both because of their economic value as edible fungi (i.e., truffles, boletes) and because of their application in reforestation projects, are the subject of this chapter, in which the recent advances in ECM fungal communities are reviewed, focusing mainly on the applicative aspects related to the use of these fungi.

Keywords

Fruiting Body Fungal Community American Chestnut Reforestation Project Black Truffle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

EZ’s fellowship was funded by a grant from the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research, as part of the FIRB program (Project DEFINE; grant number RBFR128ONN).

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© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonietta Mello
    • 1
  • Elisa Zampieri
    • 2
  • Raffaella Balestrini
    • 1
  1. 1.Istituto per la Protezione Sostenibile delle Piante del CNR, c/o Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita e Biologia dei SistemiUniversità degli Studi di TorinoTorinoItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, Forestali e Alimentari (DISAFA)Università degli Studi di TorinoGrugliasco (Torino)Italy

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