Legume Root Exudates: Their Role in Symbiotic Interactions

  • David L. Biate
  • Annu Kumari
  • K. Annapurna
  • Lakkineni Vithal Kumar
  • D. Ramadoss
  • Kiran K. Reddy
  • Satish Naik


Legumes are in constant dynamic interactions with rhizobia and arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi which mutually benefit the partners. Legumes provide the carbon energy to the microbes, and they in turn provide the nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus. The growth of these symbionts largely depends on the secretions of the legume roots which include both high and low molecular weight compounds. These molecules also act as cues in plant-microbe signaling and recognition. A cascade of reactions take place between the legume and the microbe before specific refined symbiotic partnership manifests mutually benefiting both the partners. Here, we provide an overview of the functions of legume root exudates with emphasis on the interactions between legume and rhizobia.


Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Root Exudate Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Surface Polysaccharide Symbiotic Development 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The first author is grateful to the Department of Biotechnology, Govt. of India, for the DBT-RA fellowship.


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© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • David L. Biate
    • 1
  • Annu Kumari
    • 1
  • K. Annapurna
    • 1
  • Lakkineni Vithal Kumar
    • 1
  • D. Ramadoss
    • 1
  • Kiran K. Reddy
    • 1
  • Satish Naik
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of MicrobiologyIndian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia

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