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Stem Cell and Its Niche

  • Ena Ray Banerjee
Chapter

Abstract

Stem cells are a subset of cells that have the unique ability to replenish themselves through self-renewal and the potential to differentiate into different types of mature cells. These characteristics thus play a major role in tissue generation during embryogenesis and during tissue damage. There are two main types of stem cells: embryonic and adult. The pluripotent embryonic stem cell is derived from the inner cell mass of blastocysts and has the ability to give rise to all the germ layers—endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm. As embryogenesis progresses, the need for organogenesis arises and the embryo forms germ line stem cells for reproduction and somatic stem cells for organogenesis.

Keywords

Stem Cell Hair Follicle Ciliated Cell Stem Cell Niche Clara Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ena Ray Banerjee
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of CalcuttaKolkataIndia

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