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Groundnut

  • Nalini Mallikarjuna
  • Krishna Shilpa
  • Manish Pandey
  • P. Janila
  • Rajeev K. Varshney
Chapter

Abstract

Groundnut, a crop rich in nutrients, originated in South America and spread to the rest of the world. Cultivated groundnut contains a fraction of the genetic diversity present in their closely related wild relatives, which is not more than 13 %, due to domestication bottleneck. Closely related ones are placed in section Arachis, which have not been extensively utilized until now due to ploidy differences between the cultivated and wild relatives. In order to overcome Arachis species utilization bottleneck, a large number of tetraploid synthetics were developed at the Legume Cell Biology Unit of Grain Legumes Program, ICRISAT, India. Evaluation of synthetics for some of the constraints showed that these were good sources of multiple disease and pest resistances. Some of the synthetics were utilized by developing ABQTL mapping populations, which were screened for some biotic and abiotic constraints. Phenotyping experiments showed ABQTL progeny lines with traits of interest necessary for the improvement of groundnut.

Keywords

DArT Marker Crop Wild Relative Late Leaf Spot Arachis Species Primary Gene Pool 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nalini Mallikarjuna
    • 1
  • Krishna Shilpa
    • 1
  • Manish Pandey
    • 1
  • P. Janila
    • 1
  • Rajeev K. Varshney
    • 1
  1. 1.Grain Legumes ProgramInternational Crops Research Institute for Semi Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)PatancheruIndia

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