Advertisement

Introduction

  • Mohar Singh
  • Ishwari Singh Bisht
  • Manoranjan Dutta
Chapter

Abstract

Over the last about 60 years, the global scientific community has become increasingly aware of the implications of genetic erosion in terms of its impact on environmental and agricultural sustainability (Ford-Lloyd et al. 2008). Reductions in both the number of species and the level of intraspecific variation have resulted in crops becoming more vulnerable to unpredictable weather patterns, epidemics of pests and diseases and fluctuations in global markets. All these in combination directly affect the food availability for human consumption. The ability to respond constructively to these situations requires continuing access to a broad range of novel forms of genetic variation.

Keywords

Common Bean Cytoplasmic Male Sterility Faba Bean Narrow Genetic Base Bean Common Mosaic Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Acosta-Gallegos AJ, Kelly JD, Gepts P (2008) Prebreeding in common bean and use of genetic diversity from wild germplasm. Crop Sci 47:44–59Google Scholar
  2. Agrios GN (1978) Plant pathology, 2nd edn. Academic, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. Ahmad F, Slinkard AE (1992) Genetic relationships in the genus Cicer L. as revealed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of seed storage proteins. Theor Appl Genet 84:688–692PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bisht IS, Singh M (2013) Asian vigna. In: Singh M, Upadhyaya HD, Bisht IS (eds) Genetic and genomic resources of grain legume improvement. Elsevier Science, London, pp 237–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bisht IS, Bhat KV, Lakhanpaul S, Latha M, Jayan PK, Biswas BK, Singh AK (2005) Diversity and genetic resources of wild Vigna species in India. Genet Resour Crop Evol 52:53–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Broerse JEW, Visser B (1996) Assessing the potential. In: Bunders J, Haverkort B, Hiemstra W (eds) Biotechnology: building on farmers’ knowledge. Macmillan, London/Basingstoke, pp 131–180Google Scholar
  7. Bunders J, Loeber A, Broers JEW, Havertkort B (1996) An integrated approach to biotechnology development. In: Bunders J, Haverkort B, Hiemstra W (eds) Biotechnology; building on farmers’ knowledge. Macmillan, London/Basingstoke, pp 201–227Google Scholar
  8. Chahal GS, Gosal SS (2002) Principles and procedures of plant breeding. Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, p 603Google Scholar
  9. Chandel KPS, Joshi BS (1983) Multivariate analysis in green-seeded pea. Indian J Agric Sci 53(4):198–200Google Scholar
  10. Chang TT (1985) Principles of genetic conservation. Iowa State J Res 59:325–348Google Scholar
  11. Cooper HD, Spillane C, Hodgkin T (2001) Broadening the genetic base of crop production. CABI, Oxford, p 452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Croser JS, Ahmad F, Clarke HJ, Siddique KHM (2003) Utilization of wild Cicer in chickpea improvement – progress, constraints, and prospects. Aust J Agric Res 54:429–444CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. de Boef WST, Berg T, Haverkort B (1996) Crop genetic resources. In: Bunders J, Haverkort B, Hiemstra W (eds) Biotechnology; building on farmers’ knowledge. Macmillan, London/Basingstoke, pp 103–128Google Scholar
  14. Delannay X, Rodgers DM, Palmer RG (1983) Relative genetic contributions among ancestral lines to North American soybean cultivars. Crop Sci 23:944–949CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Duc G, Bao SY, Baum M, Redden B, Sadiki M, Suso MJ, Vishniakova M, Zong XX (2010) Diversity maintenance and use of Vicia faba L. genetic resources. Field Crop Res 115:270–278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Edwards O, Singh KB (2006) Resistance to insect pests: what do legumes have to offer? Euphytica 147:273–285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ehlers JD, Hall AE (1997) Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.). Field Crop Res 53:187–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ford-Lloyd BV, Brar D, Khush GS, Jackson MT, Virk PS (2008) Genetic erosion over time of rice landrace agrobiodiversity. Plant Genet Resour Charact Util 7:163–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Halward TM, Stalker HT, LaRau EA, Kochert GD (1992) Genetic Variation detectable with molecular markers among unadapted germplasm resources of cultivated peanut and related wild species. Genome 34:1013–1020CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Higgins VJ, Huogen Lu, Xing Ti, Gelli A, Blumwald E (1998) The gene-for-gene concept and beyond: interactions and signals. Can J Plant Pathol 20:150–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Jain HK (1975) Breeding for yield and other attributes in grain legumes. Indian J Genet Plant Breed 35:169–187Google Scholar
  22. Keneni G, Bekele E, Imtiaz M, Dagne K (2012) Genetic vulnerability of modern crop cultivars: causes, mechanism and remedies. Int J Plant Res 2(3):69–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kumar S, Gupta S, Chandra S, Singh BB (2004) How wide is the genetic base of pulse crops. In: Ali M, Singh BB, Kumar S, Dhar V (eds) Pulses in new perspective. Indian Society of Pulse Research and Development, IIPR, Kanpur, pp 211–221Google Scholar
  24. Link W, Dixkens C, Singh M, Schwall M, Melchinger AE (1995) Genetic diversity in European and Mediterranean faba bean germplasm revealed by RAPD markers. Theor Appl Genet 90:27–32PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mallikarjuna N, Moss JP (1995) Production of hybrids between Cajanus platycarpus and Cajanus cajan. Euphytica 83(1):43–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Mallikarjuna N, Saxena KB (2002) Production of hybrids between Cajanus acutifolius and C. cajan. Euphytica 124(1):107–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Marshall DR (1977) The advantages and hazards of genetic homogeneity. In: Day PR (ed) The genetic basis of epidemics in agriculture. The New York Academy of Sciences, New York, pp 1–20Google Scholar
  28. Reddy LJ, Kameswara Rao N, Saxena KB (2001) Production and characterization of hybrids between Cajanus cajan x C. reticulatus var. grandifolius. Euphytica 121:93–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Rubenstein DK, Heisey P, Shoemaker R, Sullivan J, Frisvold G (2005) Crop genetic resources: an economic appraisal. Economic Information Bulletin No. 2. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Washington, DC. www.ers.usda.gov
  30. Russell GE (1978) Plant breeding for pest and diseases resistance. Butterworths, LondonGoogle Scholar
  31. Sarker A, Agrawal S, Shrestha R, Kumar J, Uddin MJ (2010) Broadening the genetic base of lentil in South Asia. In: ASA, CSSA, and SSSA international annual meetings. https://a-c-s.confex.com/crops/2010am/webprogram/Paper61096.html
  32. Sharma JR (2001) Principles and practice of plant breeding. Tata McGraw-Hill, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  33. Siddique KHM, Brinsmead RB, Knight R, Knights EJ, Paull JG, Rose IA (2000) Adaptation of chickpea and faba bean to Australia. In: Knights R (ed) Linking research and marketing opportunities for pulses in the 21st century. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, pp 289–303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Simmonds NW (1979) Principles of crop improvement. Longman, London/New YorkGoogle Scholar
  35. Singh DP (1994) Breeding for resistance to diseases in mungbean: problems and prospects. In: Asthana AN, Kim DH (eds) Recent advances in pulses research. Indian Society of Pulses Research (IIPR), Kanpur, pp 152–164Google Scholar
  36. Singh SP (2001) Broadening the genetic base of common bean cultivars. Crop Sci 41:1659–1675CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Singh BD (2002) Plant breeding: principles and methods. Kalyani Publishers, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  38. Singh M, Bisht IS, Sardana S, Gautam NK, Husain Z, Gupta S, Singh BB, Dwivedi NK (2006) Asiatic vigna. In: Dhillon BS, Saxena S, Agrawal A, Tyagi RK (eds) Plant genetic resources: food grain crops. Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, pp 275–301Google Scholar
  39. Smartt J (1990) The old world pulses: vigna species. In: Grain legume: evolution and genetic resources. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Smolders H (2006) Enhancing farmers’ role in crop development: framework information for participatory plant breeding in farmer field schools. Centre for Genetic Resources, Wageningen University and Research Centre, WageningenGoogle Scholar
  41. Subbarao GV, Johansen C, Kumar Rao JVDK, Jana MK (1990) Salinity tolerance in F1 hybrids of pigeonpea and a tolerant wild relative. Crop Sci 30(4):785–788CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Talekar NS (1994) Sources of resistance to major insect pests of mungbean in Asia. In: Asthana AN, Kim DH (eds) Recent advances in mungbean research. Indian Society of Pulses Research (IIPR), Kanpur, pp 40–49Google Scholar
  43. Tickoo JL, Gajraj Mahto R, Manji C (1994) Plant type in mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek). In: Asthana AN, Kim DH (eds) Recent advances in mungbean research. Indian Society of Pulses Research (IIPR), Kanpur, pp 197–213Google Scholar
  44. Tilahun M (1995) Indigenous risk management strategies of small farms in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Food security, nutrition and poverty alleviation in Ethiopia: problems and prospects. In: Demeke M, Wolday A, Simeon E, Zegeye T (eds) Proceedings of the inaugural and first annual conference of the Agricultural Economics Society of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, 8–9 June 1995, pp 85–108Google Scholar
  45. Wallace DH, Yan W (1998) Plant breeding and whole-system crop physiology. University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  46. Wang H, Xuxiao Zong X, Jianping Guan J, Yang T, Sun X, Yu Y, Redden R (2012) Genetic diversity and relationship of global faba bean (I L.) germplasm revealed by ISSR markers. Theor Appl Genet 124:789–797PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Weltzien E, Fiscbeck G (1990) Performance and variability of local barley landraces in Near-Eastern environments. Plant Breed 104:58–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Witcombe JR, Hash CT (2000) Resistance gene deployment strategies in cereal hybrids using marker-assisted selection: gene pyramiding, three-way hybrids, and synthetic parent populations. Euphytica 112:175–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Wolfe MS, Barrett JA (1977) Population genetics of powdery mildew epidemics. In: Day PR (ed) The genetic basis of epidemics in agriculture. The New York Academy of Sciences, New York, pp 151–163Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohar Singh
    • 1
  • Ishwari Singh Bisht
    • 1
  • Manoranjan Dutta
    • 1
  1. 1.Germplasm Evaluation DivisionNational Bureau of Plant Genetic ResourcesNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations