5- and 9-mm Balloon-Assisted Dacryocystorhinostomy



Incisional Daryocystorhinostomy (DCR) was first introduced by Toti in Italy in 1904 [1]. Modifications were introduced over the years resulting in successful procedures by the 1920s. Advances over the past few decades have included the introduction of silicone tubes, antibiotics, and steroids both oral and topical to minimize scarring and infection. Various modifications have been introduced to decrease the size of the external incision or to relocate the incision into the eyelid to decrease the risk of scarring and webbing [2]. Despite this, external DCR remains an invasive procedure with significant morbidity.


Middle Turbinate Infect Skin Structure Monitor Anesthesia Care Monitor Anesthesia Care Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction 


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatric OphthalmologyFamily Eye GroupLancasterUSA

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