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Primary Endoscopic Dacryocystorhinostomy

  • Kelvin Kam-Lung Chong
Chapter

Abstract

Endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (EEDCR), which was first described in the late 1980s [1], has gained considerable popularity in the recent two decades with the advent of the rigid fiber-optic endoscope and its use in paranasal sinus surgery. It avoids a facial incision, disruption of the medial canthal tendon, injury to the terminal branch of facial nerve, or a full thickness (skin to mucosa) ring contracture over the osteotomy site, all of which may lead to secondary lacrimal pump failure despite anatomical patency. Endoscopic DCR is not contraindicated during active dacryocystitis (minimal risk of fistula formation), presumably allowing faster healing process, and is perceivably less traumatic compared to external DCR. Recent published series of EEDCR reported higher success rates up to 95 % as compared to prior studies [2]. This likely reflects an increased experience with endoscopic instrumentation and anatomy among lacrimal surgeons and an improved understanding and control of postoperative mucosal healing [3]. The key to successful EEDCR relies on atraumatic creation of a large osteotomy [3] with adequate superior bony clearance, complete marsupialization of the lacrimal sac [4], maximal preservation of the nasal and lacrimal sac mucosa with close approximation of the mucosal edges [2, 5], as well as regular endoscopic monitoring of ostial healing during the early postoperative period.

Keywords

Middle Turbinate Nasolacrimal Duct Nasal Packing Lateral Nasal Wall Canalicular Obstruction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ophthalmic Plastics SurgeryChinese University of Hong KongSha Tin, New TerritoriesHong Kong

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