Embryology of the Lacrimal Drainage System

  • Mohammad Javed Ali
  • Hirohiko Kakizaki


The understanding of lacrimal embryology is very crucial to the understanding of lacrimal anatomy and its subsequent surgical applications. In addition, numerous congenital anomalies of the lacrimal system and their appropriate management largely depend on a sound knowledge of evolution. A thorough insight of lacrimal embryology is essential for advancing this science in terms of fundamental reasoning and developing minimally invasive interventions.


Nasolacrimal Duct Crown Rump Length Surface Ectoderm Lacrimal System Lacrimal Drainage System 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Javed Ali
    • 1
  • Hirohiko Kakizaki
    • 2
  1. 1.Dacryology ServiceL.V. Prasad Eye InstituteBanjara Hills, HyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Department of OphthalmologyAichi Medical UniversityAichiJapan

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