Breeding Systems

  • K. R. Shivanna
  • Rajesh Tandon


Genetic variation in the population is the basis of adaptation and evolution. Genetic variation is assessed on the basis of the extent of heterozygosity. Heterozygosity enables the species to cope under changed habitat and also its establishment when migrated to new areas. The extent of heterozygosity in the population is dependent on a number of reproductive traits, particularly the sexuality of the species (see Chap. 4) and the breeding system.


Pollen Tube Growth Female Flower Inbreeding Depression Pollen Germination Breeding System 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. R. Shivanna
    • 1
  • Rajesh Tandon
    • 2
  1. 1.Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE)BengaluruIndia
  2. 2.Department of BotanyUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia

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