Pistil Biology

  • K. R. Shivanna
  • Rajesh Tandon


The pistil represents the female partner in sexual reproduction of flowering plants. It consists of the stigma, the style and the ovary. The stigma is the recipient of pollen and shows wide variation in its morphology (Heslop-Harrison and Shivanna 1977). The stigma is grouped into two broad types, dry and wet, depending on the presence or absence of secretary fluid (stigmatic exudates) on its surface at the time of pollination. Each type has been classified further (Table 6.1). The receptive surface of the stigma invariably contains extracellular heterogeneous components – proteins (both enzymic and non-enzymic), lipids, carbohydrates, amino acids and phenols (Mattsson et al. 1974; Heslop-Harrison and Shivanna 1977; Shivanna 2003). These are present as a part of the exudate in wet types or in the form of a dry extracellular lining outside the cuticle in dry types.


Pollen Tube Pollen Tube Growth Pollen Germination Methyl Salicylate Anther Dehiscence 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. R. Shivanna
    • 1
  • Rajesh Tandon
    • 2
  1. 1.Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE)BengaluruIndia
  2. 2.Department of BotanyUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia

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