Study Plants and Sites

  • K. R. Shivanna
  • Rajesh Tandon


Studies on reproductive ecology are generally aimed at collecting empirical data on a focal species or a community or testing some concepts/hypotheses, formulated by the investigator based on available information or prevalent in the literature. The most important prerequisite for initiating studies on reproductive ecology on any species is to become familiar with the published literature on the biology of the selected species. This will also help the investigator in framing relevant questions with better focus and refining the objectives of the study. If studies are being undertaken to test a prevailing hypothesis or a concept, a thorough knowledge on the concept/hypothesis to be tested would enable the investigator in selecting suitable system(s) and in effective planning of such studies.


Focal Species Pollen Load Individual Flower Reproductive Ecology Flower Branch 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. R. Shivanna
    • 1
  • Rajesh Tandon
    • 2
  1. 1.Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE)BengaluruIndia
  2. 2.Department of BotanyUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia

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