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A Study of Diversification of Katarni to HYV Paddy in Bihar

  • Basant Kumar Jha
  • Rajiv Kumar Sinha
Chapter
Part of the India Studies in Business and Economics book series (ISBE)

Abstract

Based on primary data collected from ‘Katarni’ paddy growing cultivators from Bhagalpur and Banka districts of Bihar, this chapter analyses the trend and causes of diversification within crop (from ‘Katarni Paddy’ to HYV paddy) in Bihar. It is observed that even though Katarni paddy is unique and marvelous for its taste and flavour, uncomparable with any other paddy in the world, has been facing the threat of extinction. Since 1991-92, the area under Katarni paddy has started declining significantly mainly due to the constraints/reasons like (i) unchecked excavation of sand from the river Chandan, leading to declining water retention capacity of the river and escalation in irrigation cost; (ii) erosion of genetic purity of Katarni paddy; (iii) higher productivity of other varieties of HYV paddy; (iv) lower productivity of Katarni paddy and in proportion to that, lower prices paid to the actual growers; and (v) declining domestic and global demand owing to selling of adulterated Katarni paddy by local traders/middlemen. The study has suggested suitable measures to increase area under this aromatic rice.

Keywords

Chemical Fertilizer High Yielding Variety Aromatic Rice Agriculture Department Irrigation Cost 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Agro-Economic Research Centre For Bihar and JharkhandOld P.G. Campus, T.M. Bhagalpur UniversityBhagalpurIndia

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