Diversification and Food Security in the North Eastern States of India

  • K. C. Talukdar
  • Sima Das
  • Udeshna Talukdar
Part of the India Studies in Business and Economics book series (ISBE)


This chapter examines the impact of crop and agricultural farm diversification on food security in northeastern (NE) states of India. Using various indices of diversification to state level data for the period from 2001-02 to 2011-12, it evaluates crop and agricultural farm diversification across the states. In general, the magnitude of crop diversification was found to have declined across the states, but agricultural farm diversification has increased due to impressive growth in livestock, fisheries, and fruits and vegetables. It was observed that except fruits and vegetables, all other food grains were in deficit in the states measured in terms of their per capita availability per day. The gap between requirement and availability was higher in Assam and Sikkim. In terms of nutrients, protein was in surplus in all the states of NE India, while energy in terms of kilocalories was in deficit in the states due to low productivity of food grains. The study has indicated that the NE states need to increase productivity of food grains and oilseeds to reduce the food import bill of the region.


Food Security Normative Requirement Nutritional Security Livestock Sector North Eastern Region 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Anonymous, Statistical Handbook of Assam, Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Government of Assam, various published issues. Accessed 8–11 May 2011Google Scholar
  2. Anonymous, Basic Statistics of NE Region, NEC Secretariat, Shillong, various published issues. Accessed 6, 20, 25 May 2011Google Scholar
  3. Asati BS, Yadav DS (2004) Diversity of horticultural crops in North Eastern region. Himal Ecol 12:1–11Google Scholar
  4. Birthal PS, Jha AK, Joshi PK, Singh DK (2006) Agricultural diversification in North Eastern region of India: implications for growth and equity. Indian J Agric Econ 61(3):469–480Google Scholar
  5. Chand R (1996) Diversification of Punjab agriculture: need and implications for food security. Agric Econ Res Rev 9(2):37–44Google Scholar
  6. Joshi PK (2001) Crop diversification in rainfed agriculture. Agricultural Economics Research Review, Conference ProceedingsGoogle Scholar
  7. Kumar P, Joshi PK (2013) Household consumption pattern and nutritional security among poor rural households: Impact of MGNERGA. Agric Econ Res Rev 26(1):73–87Google Scholar
  8. Ram GS (1996) Food security system, poverty and rural development. Agric Econ Res Rev 9(2):121–127Google Scholar
  9. Talukdar KC (2001) Study of socio-economic condition and food security status of tribals of North East India (case of Nagaland and Mizoram). Jai Vigyan National Science and Technology Mission on Household Food and Nutritional Security, ICAR, Department of Agricultural Economics, Assam Agricultural University, JorhatGoogle Scholar
  10. Talukdar KC (2004) Prospects and determinants of crop diversification with high valued crops in marginal and small farms in the flood affected areas of Assam. ICAR ad-hoc project, Department of Agricultural Economics, Assam Agricultural University, JorhatGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agricultural EconomicsAssam Agricultural UniversityJorhatIndia
  2. 2.Department of Economics and SociologyPunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia

Personalised recommendations