Factors Influencing the Extent of Diversification in West Bengal
Based on a micro-survey in some agro-economic regions in West Bengal, this chapter examines the conditions under which there has been greater diversification of cropping pattern, and the factors influencing the farmers’ decision regarding diversification. The study finds that the areas, endowed with assured water supply at cheap rates (mostly canal irrigation), concentrate more on production of cereals and traditional crops showing lower extent of crop diversification. However, in the areas, where farmers have to depend on private sources of water at high cost due to non-availability of publicly supplied irrigation system, they diversify away from water-intensive cereals and other traditional crops towards various other high value crops showing greater degree of diversification. Diversification in cropping pattern has occurred more in those cases, where farm households are in a position to provide more family labour for cultivation.
KeywordsFarm Size Canal Irrigation Advanced Region Family Labour Herfindahl Index
- De UK (2000) Diversification of crop in West Bengal: a spatio-temporal analysis. Artha Vijnana XLII(2):170–182Google Scholar
- De UK (2003) Economics of crop diversification. Akansha Publishing House, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
- De UK, Chattopadhyay M (2010) Crop diversification by poor peasants and role of infrastructure: evidence from West Bengal. J Dev Agric Econ 2(10):340–350Google Scholar
- Ghosh BK (2010) Essence of crop diversification: a study of West Bengal agriculture during 1970–1971 to 2004–2005. J Dev Agric Econ 2(11):368–381Google Scholar
- Mukherjee A, Chakrabarty S (2008) A study on transformation of Indian agriculture in the post Doha scenario and its macro economic impact. SANEI (South Asia Network of Economic Research Institutes), Global Development NetworkGoogle Scholar