Diversification of agriculture is considered as an important strategy to overcome the challenges faced by many developing countries. Diversification of agriculture means developing a larger-number crop mix or enterprise mix in favour of high-value and more remunerative enterprises. It may be of different forms such as supplementing farm incomes with non-farm incomes, increasing the number of crops grown and types of livestock reared, or use of resources in diverse farm enterprises. The prominent arguments in favour of diversification of agriculture are to increase farm income, generate additional employment, stabilize farm income overtime, and to conserve natural resources. This chapter introduces the issues involved in the diversification of agriculture in eastern India, and summarises the major findings of the studies included in this edited volume.
KeywordsGross Domestic Product Crop Diversification Marginal Farmer Dairy Sector Contract Farming
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