Advertisement

Endovenous Thermal Ablation

  • Riju Ramachandran Menon
Chapter

Abstract

Man constantly strives for excellence and perfection. Patients with varicose veins can seldom be offered a complete cure. The aim of treatment is adequate control of the disease process. Chronic venous disorders can be controlled by conservative measures or by the use of interventions. The interventions in turn can be open surgical or endovenous procedures.

Keywords

Deep Vein Thrombosis Laser Fiber Varicose Vein Thermal Ablation Vein Wall 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Proebstle TM, Vago B, Alm J, Gockeritz O, Lebard C, Pichot O. Treatment of Incompetent great saphenous vein by endovenous radiofrequency powered segmental thermal ablation: first clinical experience. J Vasc Surg. 2008;47:151–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gale SS, Lee JN, Walsh ME, Wojnarowski DL, Comerota AJ. A randomized, controlled trial of endovenous thermal ablation using the 810-nm wavelength laser and the Closure PLUS radiofrequency ablation methods for superficial venous insufficiency of the great saphenous vein. J Vasc Surg. 2010;52(3):645.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Goode SD, Kuhan G, Altaf N, Simpson R, Beech A, Richards T, et al. Suitability of varicose veins for endovenous treatments. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2009;32(5):988–91.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Durai R, Srodon PD, Kyriakides C. Endovenous laser ablation for superficial venous insufficiency. J Clin Pract. 2010;64(1):61–6. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-1241.2008.01741.x. Epub 2008 Apr 14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Health Quality Ontario. Endovascular radiofrequency ablation for varicose veins. An evidence-based analysis. Ont Health Technol Assess Ser. 2011;11(1):1–93. Published online Feb 1, 2011. PMCID: PMC3377553.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gibson KD, Ferris BL, Pepper D. Endovenous treatment of varicose veins. Surg Clin North Am. 2007;87:1253–65.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Navarro L, Min RJ, Bone C. Endovenous laser: a new minimally invasive method of treatment of varicose veins – preliminary report using a 810 nm diode laser. Dermatol Surg. 2001;27:117–22.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jennifer LA, Colleen JM. Laser treatment of varicose vein. Order out of chaos. Semin Vasc Surg. 2010;23:101–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Darwood RJ, Gough MJ. Endovenous laser treatment for uncomplicated varicose veins. Phlebology. 2009;24 Suppl 1:50–61.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Min RJ, Khilnani N. Endovenous laser ablation of varicose veins. J Cardiovasc Surg. 2005;46–4:395–405.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Proebestle TM, Moehler T, Gul D, Herdemann S. Endovenous treatment of the GSV using a 1320 nm ND:YaG laser causes fewer side effects than using a 940 nm diode laser. Dermatol Surg. 2005;31:1678–83.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kabnick LS. Outcome of different endovenous laser wavelengths for great saphenous vein ablation. J Vasc Surg. 2006;43:88–93.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Theivacumar NS, Dellagrammaticas D, Beale RJ, Mavor AI, Gough MJ. Factors influencing the effectiveness of endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) in the treatment of great saphenous vein reflux. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2008;35:119–23.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Oğuzkurt L. Endovenous laser ablation for the treatment of varicose veins. Diagn Interv Radiol. 2012;18:417–22.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Timperman PE, Sichlau M, Ryu RK. Greater energy delivery improves treatment success of endovenous laser treatment of incompetent saphenous veins. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2004;15:1061–3.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Morrison N. Laser treatment of the incompetent saphenous vein. In: Gloviczki P, editor. Hand book of venous disorders. 3rd ed. London: Arnold Publishers; 2009. p. 418–28.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Vuylsteke M, Van den Bussche DLP. Endovenous laser obliteration for the treatment of primary varicose veins. Phlebology. 2006;21:80–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Klein JA. Tumescent techniques chronicles local anaesthesia, liposuction and beyond. Dermatol Surg. 1995;21:449–57.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Mekako A, Hatfield J, Bryce J, et al. Combined EV laser therapy and ambulatory phlebectomy. Refinement of a new technique. Eur J Vasc Endo Vasc Surg. 2006;32:725–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Neglen P, Hollis K, Raja S. Combined saphenous ablation and iliac stent placement for complex severe chronic venous disease. J Vasc Surg. 2006;44:828–33.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Carradice D, Mekako AI, Mazari FAK, Samuel N, Hatfield J, Chetter IC. Clinical and technical outcomes from a randomised clinical trial of endovenous laser ablation compared with conventional surgery for great saphenous varicose veins. Br J Surg. 2011;98:1117–23.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Disselhoff BCV, Ker Kindren DJ, Kelder JC, Moll FL. A randomised clinical trial comparing endovenous laser ablation with cryostripping for great saphenous varicose vein. Br J Surg. 2011;98:1107–11.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Gohel MS, Epstein DM, Davies AH. Cost Effectiveness of traditional and endovenous treatment forvaricose veins. Br J Surg. 2010;97:1815–23.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Goldman MP. Closure of the greater saphenous vein with endoluminal radiofrequency thermal heating of the vein wall in combination with ambulatory phlebectomy: preliminary 6-month follow-up. Dermatol Surg. 2000;26:452–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ramussen LH, Lawaetz M, Bjoern L, Vennits B, Eklof B. Randomised clinical trial comparing endovenous laser ablation, radiofrequency ablation, foam sclerotherapy and surgical stripping for great saphenous varicose veins. Br J Surg. 2011;98:1079–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Merchant RF, Kistner RL. Raiofrequency treatment of the incompetent saphenous vein. In: Gloviczki P, editor. Hand book of venous disorders. 3rd ed. London: Arnold Publishers; 2009. p. 409–17.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Kapoor A, Kapoor A, Mahajan G. Endovenous ablation of saphenofemoral insufficiency. Analysis of 100 patients using RF closure fast technique. Indian J Surg. 2010;72(6):458–62.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Mozes G, Kalra M, Armo M, Gloviczki M. Extension of saphenous thrombus into the femoral vein: a potential complication of new endovenous ablation techniques. J Vasc Surg. 2005;41(1):130–5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Ramussen LH, Lawaetz M, Serup J, Bjoern L, Vennits B, Blemins A, Eklof B. Randomised clinical trial comparing endovenous laser ablation, radiofrequency ablation, foam sclerotherapy and surgical stripping for great saphenous varicose veins with a three year follow up. J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord. 2013;1(1):349–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Renate R, den BOS V. Endovenous thermal ablation for varicose veins: strengths and weaknesses. Phlebolymphology. 2012;19(4):161–204.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Theivacumar NS, Dellagrammaticas D, Beale RJ, Mavor AI, Gough MJ. Fate and clinical significance of saphenofemoral junction tributaries following endovenous laser ablation of great saphenous vein. Br J Surg. 2007;94(6):722–5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Theivacumar NS, Darwood R, Gough MJ. Neovascularisation and recurrence 2 years after varicose vein treatment for sapheno-femoral and great saphenous vein reflux: a comparison of surgery and endovenous laser ablation. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2009;38(2):203–7. doi: 10.1016/j.ejvs.2009.03.031. Epub 2009 Jun 12.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Medical Advisory Secretariat. Endovascular radiofrequency ablation for varicose veins: an evidence-based analysis. Ont Health Technol Assess Ser [Internet]. 2011;11(1):1–93. Available from: http://www.health.gov.on.ca/english/providers/program/mas/tech/ohtas/tech_rfa_vv_20110216.html.
  34. 34.
    Pichot O, Kabnick LC, Creton D, Merchant RF, Schuller-Petroviae S, Chandler JG. Duplex ultrasound scan findings two years after great saphenous veins radiofrequency endovenous obliteration. J Vasc Surg. 2004;39:189–95.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    De Maeseneer M. Endovenous revolution. Br J Surg. 2011;98(8):1037–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.General SurgeryAmrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Amrita LaneKochiIndia

Personalised recommendations