Recurrent Varicose Veins
Recurrence of varicose veins after surgery is a common problem. Many surgeons have a pessimistic view on the outcome of surgery for varicose veins and consider recurrence inevitable. The problem is confounded by the inability to clearly define recurrence. Variations in the definition of recurrent varicose veins result from the multiple modalities of interventions employed for the initial treatment of chronic venous disorders (CVD). To streamline these issues, an international consensus meeting was held in Paris in 1998 to provide guidelines for the definition and management of recurrent varicose veins after surgery (REVAS).
KeywordsVaricose Vein Micronized Purify Flavonoid Fraction Foam Sclerotherapy Endovenous Laser Ablation Pelvic Congestion Syndrome
- 1.Perrin M. Recurrent varicose veins: etiology and management. In: Gloviczki P, editor. Handbook of venous disorders: guidelines of the American Venous Forum. 3rd ed. London: Hodder Arnold; 2009. p. 446–56.Google Scholar
- 3.Mc Collum P, Chetter I. Venous disorders. In: Williams NS, Bulstrode JK, O’Donnel PR, editors. Bailey & Love’s short practice of surgery. 26th ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 2013. p. 901–22.Google Scholar
- 4.Gloviczki P, Comerota AJ, Dalsing MC, Eklof BG, Gillespie DL, Gloviczki ML, Lohr JM, Mc Lafferty RB, Meissner MH, Murad MH, Padberg FT, Pappas PJ, Passman MA, Raffeto JD, Vasquez MA, Wakefield TW. The care of patient with varicose veins and associated chronic venous diseases: clinical practice guidelines of the society for vascular surgery and the American Venous Forum. J Vasc Surg. 2011;53(5 suppl):2s–48.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 16.Lofgren KA, Myers TT, Wilson DW. Recurrent varicose veins. Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1976;102:729–36.Google Scholar
- 17.Dodd H, Cockett FB. Pathology and surgery of veins of the lower limbs. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 1976.Google Scholar