Microbes: The Most Friendly Beings?

  • Vipin C. Kalia


Microbes, plants, animals, and human beings are intricately related to each other. In quite a few scenarios, these organisms live in close association with each other, for example, in rhizosphere, phyllosphere, etc. (Lindow and Brandl 2003). Epiphytes harbor microbes which prove helpful to the host (Hempel et al. 2008). Endophytic fungi prevent diseases and provide drought tolerance to Poaceae (grasses), and mycorrhizal fungi form symbiosis with vascular plants and protect them from diseases and enable them to sequester phosphate from the soil (Khan 2006; Rodriguez et al. 2009). Among all the symbiotic relationships, nitrogen fixation by rhizobia-legume interaction can be listed as the most beneficial outcomes (Drevon et al. 1987, 1988; Zhuang et al. 2013; Gao et al. 2014).


Nitrogen Fixation Endophytic Fungus Quorum Sense Human Immune System Burkholderia Cepacia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The author wishes to thank the Director of CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB), CSIR-INDEPTH (BSC0111), and the government of India for providing the necessary funds and facilities.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Microbial Biotechnology and GenomicsCSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative BiologyDelhiIndia

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