Medicinal Crops

  • P. Parvatha Reddy


Symptoms, biomanagement and integrated management of fungal, bacterial and viral diseases, nematode pests, disease complexes and insect pests of medicinal crops (coleus, ashwagandha, sarpagandha, aloe vera, soda apple, kacholam, henbane, stevia and safed musli) using PGPR alone or PGPR integrated with physical and cultural methods, botanicals, bioagents and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are discussed.


Tuber Yield Meloidogyne Incognita PGPR Strain Paecilomyces Lilacinus Neem Cake 


  1. Boby BU, Bagyaraj DJ (2003) Biological control of root rot of Coleus forskohlii Briq. using microbial inoculants. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 19:175–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ebhad D, Patel AD (2012) Management of root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) in ashwagandha using bioagents in pots. Indian J Nematol 40:132–136Google Scholar
  3. Kumar B (2008) Studies on root-knot and wilt complex in Coleus forskohlii (Wild.) Briq. caused by Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid and White) Chitwood and Fusarium chlamydosporum (Frag. and Cif.) Booth. M. Sc. (Agri) thesis in plant pathology, University of Agricultural Sciences, DharwadGoogle Scholar
  4. Lingaraju S, Mallesh SB (2010) Emerging nematode diseases in two horticultural crops: their management through novel approaches. National Conference on innovations in nematological research for agricultural sustainability – challenges and a roadmap ahead, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, p 51Google Scholar
  5. Mallesh SB (2008) Plant growth promoting Rhizobacteria, their characterization and mechanisms in the suppression of soil borne pathogens of Coleus and Ashwagandha. Ph.D. thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, pp 206Google Scholar
  6. Mallesh SB, Lingaraju S (2009) Enhancement of plant growth and suppression of wilt complex of Coleus forskohlii through fluorescent pseudomonads. International conference on horticulture, BangaloreGoogle Scholar
  7. Nisha MS, Sheela MS (2006) Bio-management of Meloidogyne incognita on coleus, Solenostemon rotundifolius by integrating solarization, Paecilomyces lilacinus, Bacillus macerans and neem cake. Indian J Nematol 36:136–138Google Scholar
  8. Nisha MS, Sheela MS (2012) Rhizome treatment – an economically feasible nematode management strategy for Kacholam. Indian J Nematol 42:125–128Google Scholar
  9. Pandey R (1997) Ecofriendly approaches for the management of root-knot nematode on black henbane. Indian J Nematol 27:175–178Google Scholar
  10. Paramasivan M, Mohan S, Muthukrishnan N (2007) Management of Coleus dry root rot pathogen Macrophomina phaseolina by fungal and bacterial antagonist. Indian J Plant Prot 35:133–135Google Scholar
  11. Ramaprasad Shresti AY (2005) Studies on collar rot complex of Coleus forskohlii (Wild.) Briq. M. Sc. (Agri.) thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  12. Seenivasan N (2010) Biointensive management of Meloidogyne incognita and Macrophomina phaseolina disease complex in medicinal coleus. Indian J Plant Prot 38:186–192Google Scholar
  13. Seenivasan N, Devarajan K (2008) Integrated approach for the management of root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita in medicinal coleus. Indian J Nematol 38:154–158Google Scholar
  14. Senthamari K, Poornima K, Subramanian S, Sudheer J (2008) Nematode-fungal disease complex involving Meloidogyne incognita and Macrophomina phaseolina on medicinal coleus, Coleus forskohlii Briq. Indian J Nematol 38:30–33Google Scholar
  15. Sheela MS, Nisha MS, Mohandas C (2004) Eco-friendly management of nematodes associated with Chinese potato (Coleus), Solenostemon rotundifolius (Poir) Morton. National symposium on paradigms in nematological research for biodynamic farming, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, p 90Google Scholar
  16. Singh R, Parameswaran TN, Divya S, Puttanna K, Satyasrinivas KVN, Bagyaraj DJ, Kalra A (2009) Management of root-rot/wilt of Coleus forskohlii Briq. In: CIMAP golden jubilee national symposium on medicinal & aromatic plants “Fifty Years of Research on Medicinal & Aromatic Plants”, CIMAP Regional Centre, Bangalore, p 18Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Parvatha Reddy
    • 1
  1. 1.Indian Institute of Horticultural ResearchBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations