Ornamental and Aromatic Crops

  • P. Parvatha Reddy


Symptoms, biomanagement and integrated management of fungal, bacterial and viral diseases, nematode pests, disease complexes and insect pests of ornamental crops (rose, carnation, gerbera, gladiolus, tuberose and crossandra) and aromatic crops (mint, patchouli and scented geranium) using PGPR alone or PGPR integrated with physical and cultural methods, botanicals, bioagents and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are discussed.


Aromatic Plant Flower Stalk Herbage Yield Meloidogyne Incognita Pelargonium Graveolens 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Anusuya K, Vadivelu S (2002) Mutualistic symbiosis of VAM fungi on plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) on micropropagated carnation. J Microbiol World 4:105–107Google Scholar
  2. Duijff BJ, Meijer JW, Bakker P, Schippers B (1993) Siderophore-mediated competition for iron and induced resistance in the suppression of Fusarium wilt of carnation by fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. Neth J Plant Pathol 99:5–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Filippi C, Baganoli G, Volterrani M, Picci G (1987) Antagonistic effects of soil bacteria on Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht f. sp. dianthi (Prilla & Del) Snyd. & Hans. Plant Soil 98:161–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Harni R, Munif A, Supramana S, Mustika I (2007) Potential of endophytic bacteria to control lesion nematode Pratylenchus brachyurus on patchouli. Hayati J Biosci 14:7–12Google Scholar
  5. Haseeb A, Sharma A, Abuzar S (2005) Studies on the management of Meloidogyne incognita on Mentha arvensis cv. Gomti by application of bio-agents, chemicals and organic amendments under pot conditions. In: Proceedings VIth national symposium on sustainable plant protection strategies: health and environmental concerns, Ratnagiri, p 118Google Scholar
  6. Lahdenpera ML (1987) The control of Fusarium wilt of carnation with a Streptomyces preparation. Acta Horticult 216:85–92Google Scholar
  7. Lemanceau P, Bakker PAHM, de Kogel WJ, Alabouvette C, Schippers B (1993) Antagonistic effect of non-pathogenic Fusarium oxysporum Fo47 and pseudobactin 358 upon pathogenic Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. dianthi. Appl Environ Microbiol 59:74–82PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Makino T, Morita H (1985) Biological control of crown gall on rose seedlings by Agrobacterium radiobacter strain 84. Bull Shizuoka Tea Exp Stn 30:53–59Google Scholar
  9. Manoj Kumar R, Rao MS (2011) Bio-management of nematode induced wilt disease complex of Gerbera using PGPRs in open field conditions. In: Proceeding of the 2nd Asian PGPR conference, Beijing, P.R. China, pp 456–463Google Scholar
  10. Manoj Kumar R, Rao MS, Ramachandran N (2010) Biomanagement of disease complex caused by Meloidogyne incognita and Phytophthora parasitica Dastur in protected cultivation of gerbera using formulation of Trichoderma harzianum and Pseudomonas fluorescens. National conference on innovations in nematological research for agricultural sustainability – challenges and a roadmap ahead, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, pp 97–98Google Scholar
  11. Mustafa U, Khan MR (2004) Management of disease complex caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. gladioli and Meloidogyne incognita on gladiolus. In: National symposium on paradigms in nematological research for biodynamic farming, University of Agricultural Science, Bangalore, pp 91–92Google Scholar
  12. Pandey R, Mishra AK, Tiwari S, Singh HN, Kalra A (2011) Enhanced tolerance of Mentha arvensis against Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid and White) Chitwood through mutualistic endophytes and PGPRs. J Plant Interact 6:247–253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Pathak B, Khan MR (2010) Comparative field efficacy of chemical, botanical and biological agents against foliar nematode. Aphelenchoides besseyi infecting tuberose. Indian J Nematol 40:83–87Google Scholar
  14. Rao MS (2007) Management of root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita (Kafoid & White) Chitwood, on crossandra (Crossandra undulaefolia Salisb.) using Pochonia chlamydosporia and Pseudomonas fluorescens. J Orn Hortic 10:110–114Google Scholar
  15. Rattink H (1992) Biological control of Fusarium wilt of carnation by a non-pathogenic isolate of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. dianthi. Acta Hortic 307:37–42Google Scholar
  16. Rytter JL, Lukezic FL, Craig R, Moorman GW (1989) Biological control of geranium rust by Bacillus subtilis. Phytopathology 79:367–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Sowmya DS, Rao MS (2011) Bio-management of disease complex in gladiolus by using PGPR. In: Proceedings of the 2nd Asian PGPR conference, Beijing, P.R. China, pp 342–350Google Scholar
  18. Tiwari RK, Mistry NC, Singh B, Gandhi CP (2014) Indian horticulture database-2013. National Horticulture Boad, Guragaon, 289 ppGoogle Scholar
  19. Van Peer R, Niemann GJ, Schippers B (1991) Induced resistance and phytoalexin accumulation in biological control of Fusarium wilt of carnation by Pseudomonas sp. WCS417r. Phytopathology 81:728–734CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Parvatha Reddy
    • 1
  1. 1.Indian Institute of Horticultural ResearchBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations