Glacier Changes and Permafrost Distribution



Glaciers, snow cover and permafrost are important storages of terrestrial fresh water and are released from the storage by melting processe having a seasonal dynamics. Their changes over time can have significant impacts on the water cycle controlling the discharge behaviour of alpine rivers and on natural disasters relating to thawing of glaciers, snow and permafrost. These effects often include downstream areas outside of the direct glacial and periglacial zone.


River Catchment Glacier Change Glacier Tongue Debris Cover Permafrost Area 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Kääb
    • 1
  • Regula Frauenfelder
    • 2
  • Iris Sossna
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of GeosciencesUniversity of OsloBlindernNorway
  2. 2.Norwegian Geotechnical InstituteOsloNorway
  3. 3.University of JenaJenaGermany

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