Induction of Thermoluminescence

  • C. M. Sunta
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 202)


The essential condition for induction of thermoluminescence (TL) in a material is the presence of suitable defect centers. This chapter summarizes well-known type of point defects in the inorganic solids. These serve as simple examples of defect centers, the types of which may act as traps and recombination centers. However, the actual structure of the defect centers in different TL phosphors is not simple to find out, neither is it necessary for the application of TL in areas like dosimetry and archaeological and geological dating. Defect centers may be created by doping the material with suitable impurities and thermal treatments like heating at a high temperature and quenching. X-rays and nuclear radiations being the principal sources which induce the TL, their interaction with matter is summarized in this chapter. The interactions are discussed in the perspective of the TL induction by different types of radiations.


Pair Production Fast Neutron Alpha Particle Electron Trap Halogen Atom 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    J.H. Schulman, D.W. Compton, Color Centers in Solids, Chapter 7 (Pergamon Press, New York, 1962), pp. 10–11Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    W.B. Fowler (ed.), Physics of Color Centers, Chapter 2 (Academic Press, New York, 1968), pp. 53–179Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J.L. Merz, P.S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 162, 217–235 (1967)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    C.M. Sunta, Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry 8, 25 (1984)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    C.M. Sunta, Nucl. Tracks 10, 47 (1985)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J.D. Comins, B.D. Carragher, J. Phys. 41, 166 (1980)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    P.D. Townsend, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 197, 9 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    F. Augullo Lopez, F.L. Lopez, D. Jaque, Cryst. Lattice Defects Amorphous Mater. 9, 227 (1982)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    C.M. Sunta, J. Phys. C: Solid State Phys. 3, 1978 (1970)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    K.S.V. Nambi, V.N. Bapat, A.K. Ganguly, J Phys. C: Solid State Phys. 7, 4403 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    B. Dhabekar, S. Menon, R. Kumar, T.K. Gundu Rao, B.C. Bhatt, A.R. Lakshmanan, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 38, 3376 (2005)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. Watanabe, T.K. Gundu Rao, P.S. Page, B.C. Bhatt, J. Lumin. 130, 2146 (2010)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M.J. Aitken, Dose rate evaluation, Proceedings of Specialist Seminar on Thermoluminescence Dating, Research Laboratory for Archaeology and History of Art, Oxford, PACT vol. 2, part 1 (Council of Europe, Strasbourg, 1978), p. 18Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    R. Stephenson, Introduction to Nuclear Engineering (Mcgraw-Hill, New York, 1954), p. 104Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    P.W. Levy, in A Brief Survey of Radiation Effects Applicable in Geological Problems, ed. by D.J. McDougall. Thermoluminescence of Geological Materials (Academic Press, New York, 1968), p. 25Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    C.M. Sunta, K.S.V. Nambi, V.N. Bapat, Symposium on Neutron Monitoring for Radiation Protection Purposes, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, IAEA/SM-167/10, 11–15 Dec 1972Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    B. Rzysky, S. Watanabe, C.M. Sunta, Fifth International Conference on Luminescence Dosimetry, University Sao Paolo, Brazil, Paper no P-52, 14–17 Feb 1977Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    C.M. Sunta, E. Okuno, J.F. Lima, E.M. Yoshimura, J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 27, 2636 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    L.V.E. Caldas, M.R. Mayhugh, T.G. Stoebe, J. Appl. Phys. 54, 3431 (1983)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    R. Chen, S.W.S. McKeever, S.A. Durrani, Phys. Rev. B 24, 4931 (1981)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Radiation ProtectionFormerly from Bhabha Atomic Research Center and Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, Government of IndiaMumbaiIndia

Personalised recommendations