Improved Habitability Under Extreme Environments at High Attitude

  • Ashok Salhan
  • Sanjeev K. Sharma
  • Satish Chauhan
  • Manan Oza


Indian Armed Forces protect the boundaries of our country under diversified climatic conditions like the hot and dry deserts of Rajasthan, the humid forests of the northeast, coastal regions, cold deserts with snowbound areas with extremely low temperatures, and hypoxic conditions at high altitudes and underwater. The hypoxic and cold conditions at high and extreme altitudes lead to many physiological and psychological problems. The inclement weather conditions and the lack of proper facilities further exaggerate the problem. These soldiers fight more against harsh climatic conditions rather than the enemy. The survivability aspects of the soldiers have already been addressed by the Defence Institute of Physiology & Allied Sciences (DIPAS). Problems related to high-altitude exposure have largely been addressed by providing an acclimatization schedule, which is currently followed by the Armed Forces.

Sustainability is now the main priority, so that soldiers can perform better under harsh environmental conditions. It has been observed that most of the physiological problems are due to the uncomfortable living conditions, and if these problems are solved and living conditions are improved, then many physiological problems can be addressed. So the ideas generated by observing these problems were translated into technological solutions by developing products that can minimize these effects, and the lives of soldiers can be made comfortable. Various products developed that utilize nonconventional energy sources have been discussed.


High Altitude Hypobaric Hypoxia Acute Mountain Sickness Oxygen Enrichment Exhaust Pipe 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashok Salhan
    • 1
  • Sanjeev K. Sharma
    • 1
  • Satish Chauhan
    • 1
  • Manan Oza
    • 1
  1. 1.Defence Institute of Physiology & Allied Sciences (DIPAS)Timarpur, New DelhiIndia

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