Distribution, Metabolism, and Excretion

  • Shabnum Nabi


The general population is primarily exposed to methylmercury through the diet. However, air and water, depending upon the level of contamination, can contribute significantly to the daily intake of total mercury. In most foodstuffs, mercury is largely in the inorganic form and below the limit of detection (20 μg mercury/kg fresh weight). However, fish and fish products are the dominant source of methylmercury in the diet, and levels greater than 1,200 μg/kg have been found in the edible portions of shark, swordfish, and Mediterranean tuna. Similar levels have been found in pike, walleye, and bass taken from polluted freshwaters.


Total Mercury Mercury Level Inorganic Mercury Membrane Barrier Organic Mercury 
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© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shabnum Nabi
    • 1
  1. 1.Interdisciplinary Brain Research Centre (IBRC) Jawaharlal Nehru Medical CollegeAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia

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