Advertisement

Phytonematodes: Threat to Horticulture

  • N. G. Ravichandra
Chapter

Abstract

Nematodes are second only to insects in the number of species in the animal kingdom. However, only about 3 % of all nematode species have been studied and identified. One cubic foot of soil may contain millions of individual nematodes belonging to several different taxonomic groups. Plant-parasitic nematodes are nearly microscopic, worm-shaped animals virtually invisible to the naked eye when in the soil. Phytonematodes can cause significant plant damage ranging from negligible injury to total destruction of plant material. The severity of plant injury resulting from nematode activity depends on several factors such as the combination of plant and nematode species and prevailing environmental factors including rainfall, soil types, land contour, and culture practices.

Keywords

Nematode Species Cyst Nematode Horticultural Crop Pine Wilt Disease Potato Cyst Nematode 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Decraemer, W., & Hunt, D. J. (2006). Structure and classification. In R. N. Perry & M. Moens (Eds.), Plant nematology (pp. 3–32). Wallingford/Cambridge, MA: CABI Publisher.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Handoo, Z. A. (1998). Plant-parasitic nematodes. http://www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs/htm
  3. Koenning, S. R., Overstreet, C., Noling, J. W., Donald, P. A., Becker, J. O., & Fortnum, B. A. (1999). Survey of crop losses in response to phytoparasitic nematodes in the United States for 1994. Journal of Nematology, 31, 587–618.PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Nicol, J. M. (2002). Important nematode pests of cereals. In B. C. Curtis, S. Rajaram, & G. Macpherson (Eds.), Bread wheat- improvement and production (FAO plant production and protection series, no. 30, pp. 345–366). Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
  5. Powell, N. T. (1971). Interactions between nematodes and fungi in disease complexes. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 9, 253–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ravichandra, N. G. (2008). Plant nematology (695 pp). New Delhi: I.K. International Pvt. Ltd.Google Scholar
  7. Reddy, P. P. (2008). Diseases of horticultural crops: Nematode problems and their management (379 pp). Jodhpur: Scientific Publishers.Google Scholar
  8. Sasser, J. N., & Freckman, D. W. (1987). A world perspective on nematology: The role of the society. In J. A. Veech & D. W. Dickson (Eds.), Vistas on nematology (pp. 7–14, 509 pp). Hyattsville: Society of Nematologists.Google Scholar
  9. Stirling, G. R., Nicol, J. M., & Reay, F. (1998). Advisory services for nematodes pests – Operational guide (Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation Publication No. 99/41, 120pp.), Canberra.Google Scholar
  10. Whitehead, A. G. (1998). Plant nematode control. Wallingford: CAB.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. G. Ravichandra
    • 1
  1. 1.AICRP (Nematodes) Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of Agricultural SciencesBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations