Phytonematodes: Threat to Horticulture

  • N. G. Ravichandra


Nematodes are second only to insects in the number of species in the animal kingdom. However, only about 3 % of all nematode species have been studied and identified. One cubic foot of soil may contain millions of individual nematodes belonging to several different taxonomic groups. Plant-parasitic nematodes are nearly microscopic, worm-shaped animals virtually invisible to the naked eye when in the soil. Phytonematodes can cause significant plant damage ranging from negligible injury to total destruction of plant material. The severity of plant injury resulting from nematode activity depends on several factors such as the combination of plant and nematode species and prevailing environmental factors including rainfall, soil types, land contour, and culture practices.


Nematode Species Cyst Nematode Horticultural Crop Pine Wilt Disease Potato Cyst Nematode 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. G. Ravichandra
    • 1
  1. 1.AICRP (Nematodes) Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of Agricultural SciencesBangaloreIndia

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