Gender Migration, Return and Development: Emerging Trends and Issues with Special Reference to India

  • Jayanti Kumari
  • Rashmi Sharma
Part of the Dynamics of Asian Development book series (DAD)


Gender plays a crucial role in understanding the causes and consequences of international migration. In this chapter, we look at migration from a gendered perspective. In contrast to the assumptions that most migrants are men and women are their dependents, statistics and several new studies on women have increasingly recognised women as being independent and as a major part of globalised movement. While men migrate into a variety of economic sectors, women migrant workers are mainly concentrated in the services sector. This chapter utilises the dataset from a survey conducted in five cities in India, which records the experiences, activities and suggestions of highly skilled return migrants. The first section of the chapter focuses on the factors that cause women to migrate internationally and the differences between men and women in terms of migratory behaviour. Does the economic status of migrant women affect their social status, decision-making and opportunities? An even more worrying issue is the fact that most of these skilled migrants leave to find better-paid jobs abroad but end up in occupations below their skills level. It is in this context that the next section examines the challenges and opportunities and their impact on the role of women. The current debate about the linkage between migration and development has led to the realisation that women migrants are emerging as a new target group to initiate development processes in their home countries, and they can become active agents of change. Accordingly, the final section presents the vital contribution and experiences provided by skilled women returning to India, mainly from developed countries. The chapter concludes with a brief discussion of the nexus between the return migration of skilled women and development, and it raises additional questions for discussion.


International Migration Destination Country Return Migrant Domestic Worker Indian Woman 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Zakir Husain Center for Educational Studies, School of Social SciencesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia

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