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Disease Management

  • Govind Singh Saharan
  • Prithwi Raj Verma
  • Prabhu Dayal Meena
  • Arvind Kumar
Chapter

Abstract

The information on the management of white rust (WR) of cultivated crops have been generated on the aspects of fungicidal control, cultural control, host resistance, biological control and their use in an integrated ways as follows.

Early work on the chemical control of white rust (WR) diseases was focussed on the use of copper based fungicides to control the leaf phase (LP) of the disease. Frickhinger (Obst- und Gemusebau 27:77–78, 1932) and Neumann (Pflanzenschutz 7:39–44, 1955) reported that Brassica diseases can be controlled by frequent sprayings with copper fungicides. Vasudeva (Rapeseed and mustard, Indian Central Oilseed Committee, Vol. 16, pp. 77–86, 1958) recommended the use of bordeaux mixture or perenox for the control of WR of Brassicas and other diseases. With the progress in the development of dithiocarbamate, control of WR was attained with multiple applications of protectant fungicides. However, these fungicides provided little protection from the SP of the disease. Acylalanines, which are specifically active against Peronosporales, have now been proven useful to control both the LP and staghead phase of WR, either with a seed dressing or soil drenching, and with one or two foliar applications. Three sprays of polyram M at the rate of 0.2 % at 15 day intervals were most effective in controlling WR of Brassica rapa var. Sarson in Pakistan (Perwaiz et al., West Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research 7:71–75, 1969). Many fungicides have been evaluated for efficacy against WR of Brassica crops in India. Benlate 0.1 %, calixin 0.1 %, difolatan 0.2 %, dithane Z-78 0.2 %, miltox 0.3 %, thiovit 0.3 %, mancozeb 0.2 %, mancozeb + metalaxyl (ridomil-MZ) 0.05 % and ridomil-MZ 0.2 % are effective in controlling both leaf (LP) and SP of the disease and in increasing crop yield.

Keywords

Downy Mildew Foliar Application Bordeaux Mixture Early Sowing White Rust 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Govind Singh Saharan
    • 1
  • Prithwi Raj Verma
    • 2
  • Prabhu Dayal Meena
    • 3
  • Arvind Kumar
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyCCS Haryana Agricultural UniversityHisarIndia
  2. 2.Agriculture and Agi-Food Canada Saskatoon Research StationSaskatoonCanada
  3. 3.Crop Protection UnitDirectorate of Rapeseed – Mustard Research (ICAR)BharatpurIndia
  4. 4.Krishi Anusandhan Bhawan – IIIndian Council of Agricultural ResearchNew DelhiIndia

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