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Molecular Markers

  • Tapan Kumar Mondal
Chapter

Abstract

Among the several factors described in chapter 2, progress of tea breeding had also been slowed down due to the lack of reliable selection criteria. Thus various morpho-biochemical, digital markers such as artificial neural network, metallic markers, isozymes, are described. However, it had been seen that they had marginally improved the efficacy of selection for desired agronomic traits in tea. This was mainly due to the fact that most of these markers defined so far were influenced greatly by the environmental factors and hence showed a continuous variation with a high degree of plasticity. Recently, development of the molecular biology had resulted in alternative DNA-based markers for crop improvement of tea. These markers can assist the process of traditional breeding with several efficacies. The greatest advantages of molecular markers are: (1) free from the environmental influences and (2) detection of polymorphisms at an early stage of growth. The different DNA besed markers, which have been employed for varietal improvement of tea and its wild relatives, are reviewed in this chapter.

Keywords

Amplify Fragment Length Polymorphism Amplify Fragment Length Polymorphism Marker Cleave Amplify Polymorphic Sequence Cleave Amplify Polymorphic Sequence Marker Learn Vector Quantization Neural Network 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Genomic ResourcesNational Bureau of Plant Genetic ResourcesDelhiIndia

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