• M. K. Nandakumar
  • Sanjay Jharkharia
  • Abhilash S. Nair
Part of the Flexible Systems Management book series (FLEXSYS)


With growing uncertainty in the business environment, it has become imperative that organizations build flexibilities into the systems so as to cope with a dynamic environment. These uncertainties can be: (1) State uncertainties, when business environment or a particular part of it is unpredictable, (2) Effect Uncertainty, deals with the effect of these uncertainties on a particular project or firm as a whole, (3) Response uncertainty, deals with the inability to gauge the consequences of choice of response. Organizational flexibility is helpful in overcoming environmental uncertainties and enhancing competitiveness of organizations.


Supply Chain Data Envelopment Analysis Virtual Enterprise Strategy Execution Response Uncertainty 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. K. Nandakumar
    • 1
  • Sanjay Jharkharia
    • 1
  • Abhilash S. Nair
    • 1
  1. 1.Indian Institute of Management KozhikodeKozhikodeIndia

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